POLS 689 week 2
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Duaa Albadawi on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at Kansas taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
POLS 689 2215 Notes Virtue Democracyterrorism Civilian causalities Noncombaters Cyclical State vs non state Context dependent Alex Schmid1983 The terrorist s acts meaning is derived from the choice of target and victims Terrorism is an abstract concept With no real essence A single definition cannot account for all the possible uses of the term Many different definitions often share common elements The meaning of terrorism derives from the victims or targets 1 The deliberate and systematic murder maiming and menacing of the innocent to inspire fear for political ends Harmon 2000 2 Premeditated politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub national groups or clandestine agents usually intended to in uence an audience Dept of Statetitle22 of the USC 3 The unlawful use ofor threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies often to achieve politics religious or ideological objectives Charles Tilly terror terrorismterrorists Terror Widely recurrent but imprecisely bounded political strategy 0 Defined by asymmetrical deployment of threats and violence 0 Falls beyond conventional means of political struggle 0 Broad array of groups individuals can engage in terrorist activities Terrorist strategy 0 Can be intermittently employed by a group 0 Can be one segment in the modus operandi of a group 0 Or the dominant rationale for distinct committed groups State department reports required by congress 0 Human rghts reports since 2001 governmentsal mistreatment of citizenry 0 Patterns of global yerrorism Significant attacks crossing international boundaries Other attacks by domestic groups Bruce Hoffman Inside terrorism Primarily political in aims and motives Violent or equally important threatens violence Designed to have farreaching psychological repercussions beyond the immediate victim or target Conducted by an organization With an identifiable chain of command or conspiratorial structures Whose members wear no uniform or identifying insignia perpetrated by a subnational group or nonstate entity Methods and primary purpose of terrorist acts To bring attention to perceived grievness or causes by some act or acts that are shocking and draw attention To use the media by attracting coverage of such acts in order to get the Widest possible dissemination of the message To contain reaction by the public at large through fear and intimidation To coerce change and destabilize opponents through the threat of further and continues the use of such acts util the grieveness or causes are recognized and acted upon 1 Actor speci c broad array of actors Control of territory Insurgents Guerilla movements FARC in Columbia Terrorist organizations ETA in the Basque Country Red Brigades in Italy Fatality rate Civil wargt 1000 fatalities Troubles in northern Ireland do not fit 2 Action speci c Targeting of noncombatants Audience is larger than the immediate targets
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