anth notes 1:2 word
anth notes 1:2 word ANTH161
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophie Joslyn on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH161 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Baxter in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see World Cultures in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
111814 Treatment of Psychological Disorders stats 15 of US population every year seeks mental health help more women than men those with medical insurance those with higher levels of education most commonly treated disorders depression and anxiety typical number of psychotherapy sessions 12 why partially due to the fact that when people finally get to the office when a sense of immediate relief is not felt they feel extremely discouraged partially bc if they go with the predisposition of having a certain disorder and are told they are incorrect are sure their doctor is wrong amp choose not to return Past treatments reading field of psychologypsychopathology interventionsaccounts of treatment in the past bloodletting centrifuge different forms of isolation and restraint restraint is still prominent prison systems largest system of psychopathological treatment in the US and mostly everywhere Who provides treatments clinical psychologists PhD or PsyD counseling psychologists PhD psychiatrists MD clinical social workers MSW psychiatric nurses BSN paraprofessionals limited advanced training spiritual provider clergy How do you treat psvcholooical disorders biologicallybased interventions reflect medical approaches to illnessdisease psychologicallybased interventions psychotherapy aimed at changing patterns of thoughtbehavior Pharmacotherapy psychotropic meds drugs that change brain neurochemistry and affect mental processes inhibit action potentials increase or decrease the activation of particular neurotransmitters three drug categories antianxiety tranquilizers used for shortterm treatment of anxiety benzodiazepines eg Xanax increase activity of GABA pros reduces anxiety promotes relaxation cons causes drowsiness highly addictive antidepressants primarily used to treat depression but also common for anxiety Monoamine oxidase MAO inhibiters inhibits the breakdown of serotonin in the synapse resulting in more serotonin being available in the synapse also raises levels of norepinephrine and dopamine 111814 Treatment of Psychological Disorders only used for those who do not respond to other antidepressants Selective serotonin reuptake inhibiters SSRls inhibit the reuptake of serotonin allows serotonin to remain in synapse so its effects on post synaptic receptors are prolonged antipsychotics used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders involving psychosis reduce hallucinations and delusions binds to dopamine receptors thus blocking the effects of dopamine not always effective irreversible side effects cannot treat negative symptoms of schizophrenia social withdrawal apathy newer antipsychotic Clozapine acts on dopamine receptors and also serotonin norepinephrine acetylcholine and histamine receptors used only for those who don t respond to others effective but risk of side effects low white blood cell count seizures diabetes Alternative Bio treatments surgery today used only as a last resort lobotomy Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT administering a strong electrical current to the patients brain to produce a seizure effective for severe depression that has not been responsive to medication or psychotherapy Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation TMS electrical current produces a magnetic field which induces an electrical current in the brain stimulation interrupts neural function of selected region mainly used to treat severe depression Deep Brain Stimulation DBS surgically implant electrodes deep in brain electricity used to stimulate brain similar to pace maker effective for treating Parkinson s Psychotherapy Cognitive Therapy typically used to treat depression theory distorted thoughts can produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions goal identify problematic thoughts patterns modify them with more adaptivepositive ones cognitive restructuring length 1020 sessions CBT Tools cognitive restructuring correcting inaccurate thoughts exposure repeated exposure to an anxietyproducing stimulus or situation behavioral activation reengaging in pleasurable activities Acceptance and Commitment Treatment ACT 111814 Treatment of Psychological Disorders effective for treating a wide variety of conditions that extend beyond traditional DSM clinical disorders theory psychological suffering is caused by attempting to control thoughtsfeeling psychological suffering is normal goals acceptance willingness to have unwanted thoughtsfeelings quotmake roomquot for them as they are a natural part of human experience being present encourages individual to be in the here and now conscious of our experience mindfulness exercises valuesfocused encourage individual to behave and set goals in line with one s values Mindfulness mindfulness the practice of purposefully focusing your attention on the present moment and accepting it without judgment physical benefits relieves stress lowers blood pressure treats heart disease reduces chronic pain improves sleep psychological benefits depression anxiety substance abuse eating disorders quotmindful eatingquot Science of mindfulness John Cabot Zin cardiologists whose patients were all living highstress lives Richie Davidson interested in the power of meditation performed research on Monks seem to be acting more effectively on brain rather than medication etc not brain quotchecking outquot but executive areas of the brain become better regulated and better distribution in the brain of impulse more activation when engaged figuring out how to distribute awareness across the brain daily basis
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