Why is planning political (CRP)
Why is planning political (CRP) CRPLAN 2000
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Pamela Force on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRPLAN 2000 at Ohio State University taught by Hao-Ting Lien in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 131 views. For similar materials see City and Regional Planning in Architecture at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Why is planning political Planning issues are related to peoples emotional stakes Planning decisions are visible Planning processes are in uenced by citizens participation Planning elements are perceived differently by professionals and citizens Planning decisions affect property value Planning decisions affect the community s tax base Planners work in an environment of widely distributed political power con icting interests and less than total agreement Planners and Power Planners are advisors Planners have little or no power directly Land use control power granted and removable by legislative body gtpanners in uence come from the capacity to articulate viewpoints and develop consensus and coalitions among those who wield signi cant powergt politics Should planners be nonpolitical gtbecause decisions are made in the political sphere isolating the planner form politics made the planner much less effective Fragmentation of Power Among different level of government Among executive legislative and judicial branches Among jurisdictions and districts Among private property right and rights of public Among nongovernmental groups homeowners labor unions environmental groups etc Power relationship is fragmented and hard to read Planners Role Advice and technical work an older view Advise where to locate public housing how to design the site how to nance it what effect it may have on the tax base how many additional children it will send to the schools and what additional public services its residents might require Plan of Chicago urban revewal Robert moseses Do planners have a complete and an accurate view of the public interest A newer view Facilitating the planning process and aiding it with his own expertise Consensus building participants in the political processgt quotPlanning is the art of compromisequot Most important skills for planning staff to have writingspeaking listening patience Being politically Savvy Making reasonably accurate assessment of the possibilities and constraints of a situation Having keen sense of timing Having outstanding communication skills Being an effective negotiator Making effective use of a community s power relationships Being guided by welldeveloped set of professional values Possessing a compelling vision Towards public participation Avoids elitism Planner can not realize public interest on hisher own A step forward A plan created with community input is more likely to be carried out Public participation builds the citizen s commitment to the plan gt quotTheir Planquot gt quotOur Planquot Public participationcont d But it is difficult to fully implement Gap between professionalism and casual opinions its easier to oppose than support something special interest groups Different styles of Planners The planner as a neutral public servant Poiticay neutral professional expertise The planner as builder of community consensty Politically savvy Organization of Planning Agency Private sectors planning consultants 0 Forms 0 Planning section under major design rm 0 Planning consulting rm 0 Clients 0 Muncipiality Developerland owner Universitycollege Tasks Comprehensive plan zoning ordinance for smaller municipalities Specialized tasks outsourced by any municipality 0 Site planning location analysis environmental impact analysis 0 Good PR maintaining good relationship with ocaitiesgt politics
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