Music 15 Notes
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This 6 page Reader was uploaded by Debbie Chen on Monday April 7, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 179 views.
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Date Created: 04/07/14
Music 15 Music Appreciation Instructor Emma McCullough Email emcculloughumailucsbedu Office Hours M 330440 R 100200 2308 Mus To Crash 0 LecturesSection attendance What is Music Appreciation 0 Classical music western appreciation music Assignments 0 1 paper due in week 10 o Prepaper assignments o More to come 0 Concert Report 0 Must attend a SB symphony concert I April 1213 I May 1718 I 10 student ticket promo code SBSSTUDENT 0 Section Assignments 0 Periodic short assignments due in section 0 Read an article or source document in preparation for discussion 0 Quizzes 0 Lowest dropped 0 Extra Credit 0 Additional concert and write a report 3 0 Ask TA for it How to Do Well 0 Attendance 0 Notes Periods of Music History 0 Medieval 4761450 0 Renaissance 14501600 0 Baroque 16001750 death of Bach 0 Classical 17501827 death of Beethoven 0 Romantic 18201900 20 Century 1900Present Medieval Notes NOT NECESSARY FOR THE EXAM JUST BACKGROUND INFO Outline Begins in roughly 476 when Rome fell Rome had a huge empire spanning through most of Europe Turned into the Barbarian Kingdom Decentralized society The middle ages after the fall of Rome The different groups don t talk to each other Isolation relatively slow change not a lot happened in terms of music Ascendancy of the ChristianCatholic church began to dominate System of bishops organization communication Church had a ton of money and the key to knowledge literate 9 distinct impression of music Results in preserved sacred music because everyone who could write down the music were part of the church Secular music existed but only passed down through oral tradition Sacred reli gious spiritual Secular not religious Charlemagne 742814 Holy Roman emperor 0 When society starts to develop more Struck a bargain with the Pope to create an Empire Religiouspolitical power exchange win win for both of them He was the major force in standardizing music unified Holy Roman Empire Empire was diverse multiethnic empire Consolidate to maintain power I Consolidated liturgy church texts by standardizing Catholic mass Consolidated music by standardizing musical notation and content OOOOO Early music played Gregorian chant Men Greek Repetitive Conveying your words Singing projects Secular music played Old English We have a score Happier A lead with backup Different melodies The Renaissance 0 Sacred Music in the Renaissance o Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass Gloria 0 Secular Music in the Renaissance Madrigals Songs we listened to in class 0 Josquin des Prez 0 Motet Ave Maria gratia plena Virgo serena 0 Notes 0 Layered voices Christian music Women voices Either doubles the melody or counters it A prayer Starts high then low before ending together 0 Has four parts OOOOO 0 Gloria 0 Notes 0 All of them together 0 Has six parts Renaissance 14501600 0 People ed to Italy after the fall of Rome 0 Brought many cultures to Europe 0 Renaissance rebirth of learning and inspiration 0 1454 fall of Constantinople 0 Increased interest in Ancient Greece and Rome 0 Rise of Humanism 0 Increased interest in life and human value vs Medieval focus on religion and afterlife 0 More commercialism and centralized governments 0 Move towards more realistic style in visual arts depth and perspective 0 Arts for arts sake not only for religion The CounterReformation 0 Protestant Reformation Early 1500s 0 Reaction to corruption in Catholic Church 0 CounterReformation The catholic church s response 0 An attempt to reform within the church 0 Council of Trent established new policies for the Church 0 Group of about 255 clergy Test Tip Dates are not necessary Music and the CounterReforrnation Music started to get decadent Focus moved away from the worship aspect As a result of really complicated music secular music was banned A capella music preferred Backlash against polyphony because it obscured the text Polyphony multiple music lines sounding simultaneously Didn t ban secular music because of Palestrina Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina Mass 1524 1595 Born in Palestrina Italy near Rome Worked at the Vatican for several popes Famous for a more conservative restrained style of polyphony Wrote music for hundreds of masses Type of genre a way to categorize music based on shared musical traits or function Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass Required listening Gloria According to legend the work that saved polyphony Published 1567 Dedicated to Pope Marcellus Notes 0 Restrained style of polyphony o A capella 0 Lines that were spoken not together were repetitions of the same lines 0 Switch off between women and men lines Secular Music Amateur MusicMaking in the Renaissance Facilitated by the invention of printed music 1501 by Ottaviano Petrucci Made writing music much easier Rising bourgeois class Music parties social skill to be able to hang out and play music If women could do this then it showed that she was accomplished and educated Genre Madrigal Secular 0 Popular from 1520 1620 0 Started in Italy later migrated to England 0 Populate with wealthy amateurs as a participatory activity 0 Short 37 minutes 0 A capella General Characteristics 0 Text is often highly expressive 0 Text and music are closely related 0 Often includes risque content 0 Double entendres puns sexual allusions Word painting 0 Word painting occurs when Vocal music illustrates the words being sung 0 Cuz she s so high note goes up to a falsetto 0 Shawty get low low low low low low low low Jacques Arcadelt 0 Worked in Italy 0 250 Madrigals 0 His 1 book of madrigals containing ll bianco was the most widely reprinted collection of the time IL bianco e dolce cigno 0 Genre madrigal 0 Published 1538 0 Simple style Very clear melody in upper Voice 0 Melody the rune 0 Subtle Word painting 0 Diverso the Voices separated o Viato the sound brightens up 0 Die a thousand deaths the line is repeated high number 0 Idea of death in the Renaissance 0 This piece is about death The Madrigal in England 0 Starts with Musica Transalpina 0 Collection of Italian madrigals in English translations 0 Starting in 1590s English composers began to write madrigals in their own style 0 Lighter more playful themes 0 Word painting is less subtle 0 Lyrics often evoke pastoral settings popular in overcrowded London John Farmer 0 Most famous for Fair Phyllis 0 Published in 1599 0 Madrigal 0 Subtle Word painting 0 Pastoral setting 0 Nymphs and shepherds 0 Light and playful 0 Coded eroticism 0 Notes 0 Up and down goes up and down
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