Debate Over Democracy
Debate Over Democracy Hist 1337
Popular in US History until 1877
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Hawkins on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1337 at University of Houston taught by Hopkins in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see US History until 1877 in History at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
31814 Debate over democracy Treaty of Paris 1783 Articles of Confederation Alexander Hamilton Virginia Plan Great Compromise 1 Articles of confederation The American revolutionary war of independence ended with the signing of the outlined the territory of the new country United States of the America The limits included west of the Mississippi river north of the great lakes and the south to northern boundary of Florida By declaring independence you are no longer a part of that country and they need to establish a government to run their new country The Government is the rst form of government for the states Under the articles the gov39t has the power to declare war regulate foreign affairs resolve disputes between states also deals with Native Americans if they do not currently live in a state regulate the post of ce whatever rights you have in one state you have those same rights in every state Has important weaknesses rst the gov39t cannot raise taxes it can39t generate revenue it can only accept donations it cannot raise an army you can only ask for volunteers need a military from external threat and also Native Americans When the revolutionary war is over they have tremendous amount of debt and no way to pay it off since they cannot raise taxes The American economy goes into a recession after the war There is a lot of growing economic frustration Throughout the states social unrest is going to boil over riots rebellions and street demonstrations By the mid 178039s there are several states acting out and we start to see political leaders throughout the country begin to divide into two different groups 2 Federalists v AntiFederalists One groups of political leaders began to call themselves federalists George Washington and James Madison The federalists believe they needed to have a more powerful central government Needed a gov39t that is concentrated in a central place If you had a central gov39t you would have these problems and would be able to handle the economic distress AntiFederalists Thomas Jefferson and Samuel Adams they believed that you shouldn39t have a powerful federal gov39t and instead you want to spread out the power to the states They want the individual states to have all the power not a central gov39t The Antifederalists believed that the states knew what their people needed best You could give more political power to common people and they could be trusted to make decisions for the nation Federalists want to concentrate the power on a centralized authority and they also believed that if you were not wealthy or educated you were not smart enough to make important decisions These leaders decided that they have to address the shortcomings of the AC Constitutional Convention The leaders decided to hold a convention to try to revise the AC This convention is going to take place in Philadelphia and begins in May of 1787 Everyone agrees that they cannot x the problems and they need to start over and draft a new government This convention is known as the All the delegates believe they have the perfect solution to x the gov39t was a leading federalist and got up and spoke and he was a real leader of the federalists more committed Deeply believed in the idea that you needed a central gov39t and only the wealthy and educated should also be involved in the gov39t All the common people should shut up and stay out of politics according the Hamilton Hamilton s upbringing was not born in the original 13 colonies he was born in the Caribbean He was born of poverty and he never knew who his father was and his mother died when he was 13 After he was orphaned he was sent to New York and was taken in by very wealthy family By his early 2039s he had become very good friends with George Washington and he served as Washington s personal secretary throughout the revolutionary war After the war is over he marries a very wealthy woman He gets up at the CC and states his plan through a 6 hour speech He included congress and members in congress will be elected for life and my second branch of gov39t will be the president and he will also be elected for life After his speech is over they give him a standing ovation and then they said that will never work we just fought a war to get rid of that gov39t Hamilton is upset and leaves is discussed and it included several branches of gov39t lower house elected by the people upper house senate elected by the lower house president will be named by the congress upper and lower house National judiciary and council revision are all branches of gov39t in the VA Plan This is the framework for the gov39t In this VA plan how much in uence to common people have They have some in uence but not a lot they only choose the lower house This is the conscious attempt to keep common people out of the picture There are a lot of disagreements rst it comes out if VA which is the largest most populous state and it is drafted to bene t VA The smaller states don39t like the VA plan bc they do not like the bigger states having all the power Another problem is how do you count the population and especially the slaves Southerners want the slaves to be counted has a full person but he north does not want them counted at all These disagreement were not getting resolved the discussion over the VA Plan reached an impasse ln earlyjuly of 1787 they decided to take a break and celebrate the 4th ofjuly One of the delegates stayed behind was Benjamin Franklin They created a compromise and now that they have created this compromise they now drafted the constitution They start with the VA plan framework Lower house House of Representatives which is based on population The upper house is going to be based on equal representation making the smaller states happy Another branch is going to be a president is going to be chosen by an electoral college For a while the Electoral College was just a group of men in the back room picking a president Another body of government is the Supreme Court and the president appoints judges and the senate con rms these appointments there are 9 justices appointed for life The compromise also decided who will be counted in the population and states that slaves will be counted as 35 of a person International slave trade was wanted by the southerners but the northerners wanted to close that bc more rep for the south and will only remain open for 20 years Whatever labor status you had you carry that throughout all the states
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