1-21-2015 Methods COMM 1100
Popular in Communication in Society
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Popular in Communication
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Belopotosky on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 1100 at Ohio State University taught by Professor Brad Pushman in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Communication in Society in Communication at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Social Cognition Inside the Black Box Processes occur inside the organism and are re ected in measures of overt behavior Processes include 0 Thoughts cognition o Feelings affect 0 Physiological arousal ie heart rate 0 Brain responses 0 Internal processes mediate the link between the stimulus and the response Mediator lntervening Variables Generative mechanism through which the stimulus independent variable in uences the response dependent variable 0 Independent variables produce changes in mediators which in turn produce changes in dependent variables Mediating effects of the third variable Z on the relation between the stimulus X and the response Y o X Z Y Social Cognitive Theory 0 In his 1986 Social Foundations of Thought and Action A Social Cognitive Theory Bandura assigned cognition a central role in human behavior Humans have several distinct cognitive capacities that in uence observational learning Distinct Cognitive Capacities Symbolizing capacity 0 Symbols ie words allow people to store and process information Selfre ective capacity 0 Allows people to make sense of their experiences Selfregulatory capacity 0 Selfregulation allows people to adapt to many different circumstances rules and demands Selfcontrol Vicarious capacity 0 People learn by observing others without directly experiencing it Triadic Reciprocal Causation Behavior person and environment all cause each other Inhibition vs Disinhibition Inhibitory effects cause people to refrain from social behaviors Disinhibitory effects lift restraints on antisocial behaviors Disinhibitory Devices Moral Justi cation People believe their otherwise deplorable actions are justi able because they serve a quothigher purposequot 0 I lied to protect my friend 0 I stole to provide for my family 0 I did it for God Advantageous Comparison by comparing their own deplorable acts with even more serious acts of others people make their own acts look trivial bv comparison 0 Cheaters claim that others are worse I don39t cheat nearly as much as her Euphemistic Labeling by calling a deplorable act something other than what it really is the act is trivialized and one can engage in it without self contempt o quotI borrowed itquot instead of quotI stole itquot o quotI didn39t tell her everythingquot vs quotI lied to herquot 0 Displacement of Responsibility 0 A mechanism by which the person lessens the responsibility of the self in causing harm The person acknowledges that he or she may have caused harm but denies that it was intended or denies responsibility Nazi Germany commandants and of cers of death camps were only following orders Diffusion of Responsibility 0 Diffuse means to spread or cause to spread over a wide area or among 0 Diffusion of responsibility is the tendency for each group member to dilute personal responsibility by spreading it among all other group members If a person is not the sole agent of destruction but only part of a group it is easier to attribute guilt to the group or to others in the group 0 When deplorable acts are performed in a group individuals feel less personally responsible quotI just went along with the crowdquot quotI thought someone else would help her there were people all aroundquot Bystander effect Distortion of Consequences 0 After people engage in deplorable acts they can ease their conscience by ignoring or distorting the harm caused by their conduct I just let the bombs go and they disappeared in the clouds Dehumanization victims are made out to be subhuman and therefore not worthy of humane treatment quotsavagesquot quotanimalsquot quotratsquot Victims forced to behave like beasts quotprovingquot that they are subhuman Attribution of Blame o Blaming the victim or the situation quotshe must have dressed seductively asked for itquot quotThey left the window openquot 0 Belief in a Just World the belief that people get what they deserve and deserve what they get 0 Fallacy of af rming the consequent qu but q does not mean p
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