What is Family
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddy Moloney on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 220 at Kansas taught by Andrea Gomez Cervantes in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Sociology at Kansas.
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Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes this semester.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
What is Family 01282015 Do we have a choice in our relationships Institutions 0 Social Groups Statuses o Roles Culture Beliefs 0 Values The Sociological Imagination C Wright Mills 0 Biography history and social structure De nition of Family 0 2005 DeGenova quotFamily is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage blood or adoption or any sexual expressive relationshops in which 0 The adult cooperate nancially for their mutual support 0 The People are commiteed to one another in intimate interpersonal relationships 0 The members see their individual identities as importantly attached to the group 0 The group has an identity of its own Methods to Study Family 0 Quantitative Qualitative Origin of Family and Kinship Huntergatherer Societies Agriculture Kinship Groups Lineages o Patrilineages o Matrilineages o Kinship groups hold societies together restore order recruit members from outside the group defend against other outsiders provide labor harvest times and assist the less fortunate Different Kinship Groups Conjugal Family 0 Polygyny 0 Women married to multiple husbands Popular in shing communities where men would have to go away for long periods of time o Polyandry Native American American Indian Families Decrease of Population 0 Disease 0 Wars 0 Massacres Hopi Tribe 0 Husband left hometibe and women stay at original tribe 0 Mandatory for women to marry outside of their clan to avoid inbreeding also to create stronger alliances Alliances and Marriages Apache 0 Marriage arranged by elders 0 Gifts exchanged by both families Patriarchy 0 Private Ownership 0 Early Christianity Enlightenment Era freedom individual rights and reason European Colonist Conjugal Family Public Role of the Family Plymouth Colony 0 Hospital 0 Houses of Correction 0 Orphanages 0 Nursing Homes 0 Poorhouse 18th Century 0 Step Families 0 Informal Marriages 19th Early 20th Centuries 0 Church Control 0 Death Rates Decreased The Emergence of The Private Family 17761900 White MiddleClass Marriages o Affection and Respect 0 Women s Sphere 0 Attention centered on Children 0 Number of children per family declines o Individualism 1776 War of Independence 0 Values Life Liberty and the pursuit of happiness 0 Democracy Farming gt Wage Labor 0 Capitalism 0 Paying Jobs 0 Creates separate spheres for men and women 0 The Cult of Domesticity Nancy Cott African American Families Throughout History 0 Traditional Kinship Groups Slavery based on ideology of institutional racism 0 Status Distinction Slavery E Franklin Frazier 1939 Slavery destroyed all social organization among slaves 0 Herbert Gutman 1976 Whenever possible slaves had married lived together for life and knew and kept track of uncles cousins and other kin Legacy of Slavery Thesis 0 Matriarchy Men deprived from their sexuality The Revisionist Perspective Patriarchy African values and traditions Strict gender roles Men s masculinity Postmodern Gender Perspective Dependent on plantation size 0 1860 10 of white owning slaves had 910 slaves 0 Marriage prohibited 0 Work divided by gender 0 Intergenerational communal living After Slavery 1865 Emancipation Proclamation Act 0 Marriage Campaign 0 Rede nition of Marriage Racial domination and economic exploitation shape family structures identities and experiences 0 Great Migration Mexican American Families Changing in land power major effects these families Elites Spanish Descent o Arranged marriages for land owning purposes Laborers Mestizos o No Arranged marriages 0 Much more informal Values and Beliefs o Campadrazago Women scarifying themselves for their families deriving from the idea of the Virgin Mary o Marianismo o Hembrismo Loss of Land 0 Change in Gender Roles o Segregated Asian Immigrant Families 0 Most came for then men to work in mining or railroads o Patrilineal Kinship 1850 s Gold Rush 0 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act 0 World War II 0 lnternment Camps 1965 Immigration Act The Private Family 1900Present 0 Marriage 0 Changes from material to emotional terms 0 State 0 Privacy in the Family 0 Decrease in birthrates 0 Increase of adult life expectancy 0 Greater Prosperity 1929Late 1930 s The Great Depression 0 1940 s World War II 0 1950 s Babyboom 1960 s and Beyond 0 Civil Rights Movement 0 Sexual Revolution 0 Second Wave Feminism 0 Women in the Labor Force The Feminine Mystique Betty Friedan The Housewife problem 0 Women were very dissatis ed with their lives 0 Feeling very unful lled and underappreciated 0 Marriage and education trends Talcott Parson 19405 Heterosexual Marriages Nuclear Family Male breadwinner and female homemaker l norm If this wasn t the case the oddity would be ostrizied in society 0 Predicted backlash for those not following nors quotThere can be no question of symmetry between the sexes in the respectquot Parsons Because it has been like this for so long it becomes naturalized Brings men and women into opposites Role of the United States 0 After World War II Push to get women back in the home GI Bill only the whites lncrease Racial Segregation Housing Wealth Age at marriage 228 M and 203 F First Wave Feminism Seneca Falls Convention 1848 o Wants to vote and own property 0 Declaration of Sentiments Elizabeth C Staton 0 quotWe holes these truths to be selfevident that all men and women are created equalquot 0 White middleclass women 0 Frame women as nonthreatening delicate utilizing sexrole theory O 0000 First Wave Feminism Black Women in the Discourse 0 Anna Julia Cooper 0 Intersectionality of oppression First Wave and the Family Motherhood and Marriage 0 Cult of Domesticy What does that mean to be a women Second Wave Feminism Deconstruct Femininity and masculinity Simone De Beauvior French intellect rst women to graduate college in France 0 The Second Sex 1949 0 quotOne is not a women but becomes onequot 0 Gender vs Sex Dichotomies If men are the norm then women are the other and become the lesser gender 1960s The decade of Change 0 Civil Rights Movement 0 Women s Movement 0 Sexual Revolution LGBTQI 19701980 0 Economy Decline of the family wage Increase in the welfare state Second Wave Feminism Deconstruct meaning of femininity and masculinity End to domesticity The end of the modern family 0 quotThe personal in politicalquot lntersectionality of oppression 0 Black feminism 1990520005 0 Lose public safety net 0 Women in the paid labor forces increases 0 Increased immigration Third Wave Feminism o Embracing diversity 0 Embracing sexuality The Vagina Monologues Socialization and social construction 20005 Backlash Healthy marriages initiative 0 Poor low income Men more likely to work in the labor force 21st century Working Family 0 Less Flexible hours 0 Less time to spend with the family 0 More work 0 Too little work also bad not enough money 0 For every 1 a man makes a women makes an average 84 cents 0 Even less for women of color 0 Women are more likely to have to have career interruptions FamilyWork Gender Inequality o Motherhood Penalty 0 Women experience a 7 penalty per child 0 Employment breaks pattime less experience Family Work Con ict The Second Shift A Hochschild 1989 0 Today Women do on average an extra two weeks of housework more than man per year 0 Myths how we deal with gender inequality Inequality guiding work to family con ict Mothers people withl ow levels of control at work high work hours and unsupportive coworkers and supervisors 0 Changes throughout the life course Competing Devotions Mary Blairloi Career vs Family 0 Can the two be ful lled by one women Parental Time 0 1964 Mothers average 10 hours with their children 0 1975 1985 Mothers average 98 hours 0 2000 Mother 13 and Fathers 7 hours A Responsive Workplace o Flextime 2004 28 of fulltime workers 0 Parental Leave Telecommuting
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