Popular in Personality Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Birch on Monday February 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych321 at Washington State University taught by Dr. Smith in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
Reviews for Notes
What an unbelievable resource! I probably needed course on how to decipher my own handwriting, but not anymore...
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/09/15
PSYCHOLOGY 321 NOTES Chapter 1 5 goals for Dersonalitv theorist 1 observation that is scientific study large and diverse groups ensure that observations of people are objective use specialized tools to study thinking processes emotional reactions and biological systems that contribute to personality functioning 2 theory that is systematic must relate all idea to one another to create theory that is systematically organized 3 theory that is testible 4 theory that is comprehensive being selective of ones traits 5 applications theory to practice personality also means charisma how example how do genetic in uences contribute to personality why generally around mechanisms To answer these questions address 4 topics 1 personality structurebasic blocks of personality 2 personality processdynamic aspects of personalitymotive 3 growth and developmenthow we develop in to our person 4 psychology and behavior changehow we change why we dodo not change Personalitv structure stable enduring aspects of personality units of analysis theorists use different variables in scientific models of personality structure people can be described in more than one way popular unit of analysis is TRAIT m consistent style of emotion or behavior that a person displays across a variety of situations disposition what a person tends to do another unit of analysis is TYPE 11E cluster of many different traits 3 types 1 people who respond in an adaptive resilient manner to psychological stress 2 people who respond that is socially inhibited or emotionally overcontrolled 3 people who respond in an uninhibited uncontrolled manner types categorically different characteristics manwoman shorttall thinllt of personality as a system ystem a collection of highly interconnected parts whose overall behavior re ects not only the individual parts but their organization Hierarchyorganized hierarchy of structural units being higher or lower depending on different theories 2 things in hierarchy 1is example of others 2serves purpose for the other ex Running to work out work out to run If say work out doesnt always mean run but run always mean work out theories that focus on personality traits are hierarchical set of traits organize personality tendencies if no structure think of 2 aspects of personality 1impulsive behavior 2plans for controlling impulsive behavior no hierarchy relations because impulses sometimes overwhelm Dersonalitv process psychological reactions that change dynamically that change over periods of time motivation Growth and development characterized patterns of development understand development factors nature vs nuture environmental experiences activated genetic mechanisms turn genes onoff Genetic determinates emperament biologically based emotion and behavior tendencies in early childhood fear and inhibited most genes shared so evolutionary investigators more focused in human universals genetically and culture predispose us to respond to interacting with environment people in it and how we express emotions Environment determinates makes people different and similar to one another Culture same culture same characteristics where they place greater value rights goals community gains defines how we express emotions relationships humor coping view healthy Social Class status of person roles they perform duties and privileges they enjoy how earn spend money in uence cognitive and emotional development define responses Family most important environmental factors parents in uence kids 1their own behavior 2reward behavior Peers acceptance of new behavior Philosophical view of persons basic nature of human being theories of personality in uenced by personal factors culture and time Internal and external determination of behavior level of importance one more so skinner external Consistency across time consistent of personality in different situations oedipal complex being aroundwith someone like your parents act differently around different people Unity of experience and actions what allows for stable of self lmultiple components of mind act as complex system 2understanding of who you are concept of self accountable for unity of experience In uence of past present and future behavior prisoners of past people have ability to change capabilites and tendencies Science of personality people have parts whole greater than sum of parts Evaluate personality theories serve 3 functions lorganize existing information 2 generate new knowledge about important issues 3identify entirely new issues that deserve to be studied
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'