Lecture Notes 2/5/15
Lecture Notes 2/5/15 POLISCI 121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Linda Jiang on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLISCI 121 at University of Massachusetts taught by Vincent Ferraro in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Massachusetts.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
2515 Milgram s Experiment 0 Obedience to authority 0 Obedience is the psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose The experiment was conducted with thousands of participants Two people come to a psychology laboratory to take part in a study of memory and learning 0 One of them is designated as a quotteacherquot and the other a quotlearnerquot and explores how pain electrical shocks can improve learning I the real focus is the teacher 0 65 of the participants went all the way with delivering the highest shock wave 0 The most fundamental of the study 0 ordinary people simply doing theirjobs and without any particular hostility on their part can become agents in a terrible destructive process Soldiers and killing 0 Soldiers won t kill or they don t want to kill 0 firing your weapon is not what you do for yourself but what you do for the ones you love 0 The fear of killing is more powerful than the idea of being killed Balance of Power 0 Kautilya 300 BCE o 4 functions of the king I to acquire what is not gained I to protect what it gained I and to upgrade protection I to bestow the surplus among the deserving o A way to calculate and build coalitions to protect yourself 0 Fighting gave European nations a sense of identity 0 1815 after Napoleon is defeated 0 Congress of Vienna is created I 18151914 Time of peace in the European continent Rules of Balance of Power Actors always increase their power but should negotiate before they fight a going to war diminishes a state39s power A state must fight rather than pass up an opportunity to increase power a If you don t grab an opportunity than someone else will b Power is always relative depending on your state States stop fighting rather than eliminate another major state a Don t go for the annihilation of another central actor b As a realist there are no permanent enemies or friends i the only things that are permanent are the interests of your state Actors oppose any coalition or single actor which could become predominant a Make sure no state emerges with enough power to control the whole system i thats how you can make alliances and break them easily
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