ARH 205 Notes Week 2
ARH 205 Notes Week 2 ARH 205
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Helgen on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 205 at University of Oregon taught by Carmen Lord in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
Lecture Notes: Byzantine Empire - San Vitale, Revenna Italy 526—547 o 539- Byantine General conquered from remaining Germanic people o Vital outpost o 80 miles south of Venice o Attempting to state presence o Plain on the outside with brick, decorative murals within, complicated shape, centralized plan, Inside: higher elevation with elaborate mosaics, in post capitals, upended basket Airy, less massive, more delicate than pantheon Mediate between earthly and divine Acting as middle space between earth and heaven o Apse: top of apse: partial dome with mural mosaic of Christ between two angels and two saints: Christ as teacher and as ruler o Orb: ruler of the cosmos: relatable to Byzantine ruler, rich plum purple. Four rivers of the earth flowing away from Christ o Representation of Theodora and hand maidens, South Walls of the apse, San Vitale o Justinian and attendants bringing bread to service- no background Clear picture of hierchy and power structured in Mosaics considered eseically important for stylistic staatements for orthodox faith represented in streange outline Feet: paper thin, overlapping, very different from Greece, Same emperor commisionded greatest structure o Hagia Sophia, constantinoble Mineretes were added later, built originally as Christian church, converted to mosc Term: named for saint, built for Justinian, Anthenians & Isadors, greated church of period Vast interior space, mystery of the lighting, 270X240 All things present for church, dome intended to symbolize heavens Islamic Art p. 260-283 - Dome of the Rock Erected between 687 and 692 o Tribute to triumph of Islam o Octagon with towering dome o Late Antique tradtion of the Mediterranian o On top of the shrine is a 75 ft. tall double-shelled wooden dome o Vivid, colorful patterning wrapping the walls typical of Islamic decorations o Depicted royal motifs referencing triumph of Islam over Byzantin and Persian Empires - Great Mosque, Damascus o Formerly a Byzantine church, formerly a Roman temple o Kept the Roman walls for a foundation o Minarets are modifications of the preexisting Roman square towers o Cycle of glass mosaics once covered walls o No zoomorphic, human, or animal forms appear in either pictoral or ornamental spaces o Kuran shuns representation of fauna in sacred places - The Mosque o Standard Features: Large square courts Rows of palm trunks supporting thatched roods Stepped pulpit in front of southern wall for sermon preaching - Great Mosque, Kairouan o Still in use today o Retains carved, wooden minbar of 862, oldest known o Built of stone o Square in profile o Lateral entrances lead to arcaded forecourt relatable to a Roman forum - Malwiya Minaret, Samarra o 848-852,Samarra, Iraq - Three-story, square in plan, more than 165 ft. tall o Announced presence of Islam in Tigris Valley o At time of construction, was largest in world o A bridge once linked miniret to the mosque o Suffered damage from various parties during unrest in Iraq - Samanid Mausoleum, Bukhara o Earliest preserved tombs in the Islamic world - Great Mosque, Cordoba o Began in 784 o Hypostyle prayer hall has 36 piers and 514 columns topped by double- tiered arches o Prayer hall expanded in 961 with new domes and monumental gates on the complex’s eastern and western façade’s o Maqsura exemplifies Islamic experimentation with highly decorative multilobed arches
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