New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 11 notes

by: Kirsten Swikert

Chapter 11 notes Psychology 100

Kirsten Swikert
GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

class notes
Intro to Psychology
Mark Graves
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Mark Graves in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at Western Kentucky University.

Similar to Psychology 100 at WKU


Reviews for Chapter 11 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/11/16
Personality • The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics and behavior patterns that make us unique as individuals • Helps account for the consistency in our behavior over time • The study of personality involves attempts to describe and explain the factors that make us unique • Freud’s psychoanalytic theory o Freud’s theory of personality that holds that personality and behavior are shaped by unconscious forces and conflicts o In his clinical practice, Freud encountered patients suffering from nervous disorders; their complaints could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes • Freud’s 3 levels of consciousness o Conscious: the part of the mind corresponding to the state of present awareness o Preconscious: the part of the mind whose contents can be brought into awareness through focused attention o Unconscious: the part of the mind that lies outside the range of ordinary awareness and that holds troubling or unacceptable urges, impulses, memories, and ideas • Structure of personality o Id: pleasure principle § The psychic structure existing in the unconscious that contains our basic animal drives and instinctual impulses o Ego: reality principle § The psychic structure that attempts to balance the instinctual demands of the id with social realities and expectations o Superego: moral principle § The psychic structure that corresponds to an internal moral guardian or conscious • Conflict o Ego holds the urges in check with reality o Id gratifies urges immediately o Superego holds urges in check with morality • Anxiety and defense mechanisms o Defense mechanisms: the reality-distorting strategies of the ego to prevent awareness of anxiety-evoking or troubling ideas or impulses o Major defense mechanisms: § Repression: burying distressing or unacceptable impulses and wishes in the unconscious (motivated forgetting of anxiety-evoking material) • Ex: a young girl forgets that she was sexually abused by her uncle as a child § Denial: the failure to recognize a threatening impulse or urge • Ex: substance abusers admitting they have a problem § Reaction formation: behaving in a way that is the opposite of one’s true wishes or desires in order to keep these repressed • Ex: a woman who fears her sexual urges, becomes a religious zealot § Rationalization: the use of self-justification to explain unacceptable behavior, impulses, or ideas • Ex: a woman explains she ate the entire chocolate cake so that it wouldn’t spoil in the summer heat § Projection: the projection of one’s own unacceptable impulses, wishes, or urges onto another person • Ex: a man with a strong desire to have an extramarital accuses his wife of having one § Sublimation: the channeling of unacceptable impulses into socially sanctioned behaviors or interests • Ex: a man with strong sexual urges becomes an artist who paints nudes § Regression: an individual, usually under high levels of stress, reverts into a behavior characteristic of an earlier stage of development • Ex: a woman returns home to mother every time she has a big argument with her husband § Displacement: unacceptable sexual or aggressive impulse is transferred to an object or person that is safer or less threatening than the original object of the impulse • Ex: a man redirects anger from his boss to his wife and children • Freud’s psychoanalytic theory o Erogenous zones: parts of the child’s body that brings physical and psychological pleasure when stimulated o Fixation: occurs when one becomes “stuck” at one of the stages before moving on to the next one, failing to fully resolve a stage can lead to later-life personality characteristics associated with the stage of fixation o Oral stage: birth to 18 months old § Erogenous zone is the mouth (sucking/biting) § Conflict is weaning from breast or bottle § Too little/much gratification can lead to oral fixations o Anal stage: 18-36 months § Erogenous zone is anal activity § Sexual pleasure through the ability to control elimination § Conflict arises over issue of toilet training § Anal-retentive vs. anal-expulsive personality o Phallic stage: age 3-6 years § Erogenous zone is the phallic region § Core conflict is the Oedipus complex § Freud’s followers called female version of conflict the Electra complex § Boys develop castration anxiety § Girls experience penis envy o Latency stage: age 6-12 years § Sexual impulses remain dormant o Genital stage: puberty to adulthood § Attraction to opposite gender § Sexual energies expressed through sexual intercourse, marriage, child bearing


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.