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Jour 201-1 AP Style Quiz 2

by: Victoria Notetaker

Jour 201-1 AP Style Quiz 2 Jour 201

Victoria Notetaker
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About this Document

This a study guide for the next AP Style Quiz.
Reporting & Writing
Michael Deas
Class Notes
journalism, Northwestern, Medill, Michael Deas, Jour 201-1, AP Style Book 2015




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Jour 201 at Northwestern University taught by Michael Deas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Reporting & Writing in Journalism and Mass Communications at Northwestern University.


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Date Created: 04/11/16
Commas IN A SERIES  Separate elements in a series  But do not place before the conjunction  Ex: The flag is red, white and blue  Exception where you put the comma in front of the conjunction: o I had orange juice, toast, and ham and eggs for breakfast WITH EQUAL ADJECTIVES  Separating equal adjectives  Ex: a thoughtful, precise manner  Examples when you don't add a comma o A cheap fur coat (noun is fur coat) WITH NONESSENTIAL CLAUSES  Ex: The dog, which was very fluffy, was sleepy o The clause "which was very fluffy" is nonessential WITH INTRODUCTORY CLAUSES AND PHRASES  Ex: When he had tired of the mad pace of New York, he moved to Dubuque WITH CONJUNCTIONS  Ex: She was glad she had looked, for a man was approaching the house INTRODUCING DIRECT QUOTES  Ex: Rachel said, "You get distracted easily." BEFORE ATTRIBUTION  Ex: "You get distracted easily," Rachel said. WITH HOMETOWNS AND AGES  Ex: Peter Smith, Los Angeles, attended the event o Peter Smith, 19, wanted to sleep, but he was busy doing homework. WITH PARTY AFFILIATION, ACADEMIC DEGREES, RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS  Ex: Gov. Bruce Rauner, R-I.L., spoke today.  Ex: Peter Smith, B.A., made a tent for his cat. NAMES OF STATES AND NATIONS USED WITH CITY NAMES  Ex: Los Angeles, California  Use parentheses when inserted in a proper name o Ex: The Huntsville (Alabama) Times WITH YES AND NO  Ex: Yes, I will be there IN DIRECT ADDRESSES  Study for your exam, Victoria. SEPARATING SIMILAR WORDS  Ex: What the problem is, is not clear IN LARGE FIGURES  Figures greater than 999  Exceptions o Years o Addresses o Phone numbers o Serial numbers o Broadcast frequencies WITH FULL DATES  January 5, 2016 Corporations  Abbreviate to Corp. when it's at the end o Ex: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.  If it's not at the end spell out corporation o Ex: The Corporation for Public Broadcasting  Spell out and lowercase when corporation stands alone  Possessive o Ex: Chevron Corp.'s profits Courtesy titles  Only use in direct quotations  Ex: Mr., Miss, Ms., Mrs.  Exception: o Distinguishing between people with the same last name o If gender is unclear, use he or she in subsequent reference Datelines  City name in capital letters followed by the name of the state DOMESTIC DATELINES  Major cities can stand alone ATLANTA, BALTIMORE, BOSTON, CHICAGO CINCINNATI, CLEVELAND, DALLAS, DENVER DETROIT, HONOLULU, HOUSTON, INDIANAPOLIS LAS VEGAS, LOS ANGELES, MIAMI, MILWAUKEE MINNEAPOLIS, NEW ORLEANS, NEW YORK, OKLAHOMA CITY PHILADELPHIA, PHOENIX, PITTSBURGH, ST. LOUIS, SALT LAKE CITY, SAN ANTONIO, SAN DIEGO, SAN FRANCISCO SEATTLE, WASHINGTON  Other cities need state name: o KANSAS CITY, Mo.  Spell out: Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas and Utah o Abbreviate all others  Communities within boundaries of other states o Include state name o Ex: EDGARTOWN, Mass. o NOT: EDGARTOWN, Martha's Vineyard  Can use BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. INTERNATIONAL DATELINES  Major cities can stand alone AMSTERDAM, BAGHDAD, BANGKOK, BEIJING BEIRUT, BERLIN, BRUSSELS, CAIRO DJIBOUTI, DUBLIN, GENEVA, GILBRALTAR GUATEMALA CITY, HAVANA, HELSINKI, HONG KONG ISLAMABAD, ISTANBUL, JERUSALEM, JOHANNESBURG KUWAIT CITY, LONDON, LUXEMBOURG, MACAU MADRID, MEXICO CITY, MILAN, MONACO MONTREAL, MOSCOW, MUNICH, NEW DEHLI PANAMA CITY, PARIS, PRAGUE, QUEBEC CITY RIO DE JANEIRO, ROME, SAN MARINO, SAO PAULO SHANGHAI, SINGAPORE, STOCKHOLM, SYDNEY TOKYO, TORNTO, VATICAN CITY, VIENNA, ZURICH  UNITED NATIONS stands alone BALKANS o Use a Montenegro-only dateline o PODGORICA, Montenegro CANADIAN DATELINES o Include name of province  But do not abbreviate or include country name  Exceptions:  Montreal, Quebec City, Toronto COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES o Include city name and republic name for cities in the former Soviet Union o ALMATY, Kazakhstan  When referring to another city in the datelined state within the context of the story, you do not need to reference the state again  Tells the reader which city the information was obtained from  Ex: Don't use a Washington dateline for a story written within the state - use the city of the newspaper  Does not preclude using a dateline that differs from the home city of the paper  Use an international dateline only if the correspondent was physically present in the datelined community Dates  Arabic figures  Do not include prefixes such as st, nd, rd or th Directions and regions  Lowercase north, south, northeast, northern, etc. for compass direction  Capitalize these words for regions o Ex: East Coast WITH NAMES OF NATIONS  Capitalize if part of proper name  Otherwise lowercase WITH STATES AND CITIES  Lowercase directional or area descriptions o Ex: western Montana, southern Atlanta  Capitalize compass points o North Dakota, West Virginia Months  Abbreviate when used in specific date o Exceptions: March, April, May, June, July State Names  Must be spelled out within a story EIGHT NOT ABBREVIATED  Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas and Utah  Abbreviations used for datelines and party affiliation  Avoid using state abbreviations in headlines  Distinguish between New York state and New York City Times  Use figures except for noon and midnight  Use a colon to separate hours and minutes o Ex: 3:30 p.m.  No colon if it is on the hour o Ex: 1 a.m.  Avoid redundancies o Meaning don't include this morning if you mention 10 a.m.  4 o'clock is acceptable o But including a.m. and p.m. is preferred Titles LEGISLATIVE TITLES  First-reference form: Rep., Reps., Sen., Sens. o Formal titles before names  Spell out and lowercase representative and senator in subsequent uses  Used before a name o Capitalize and spell out: assemblyman, assemblywoman, city councilor, delegate  Add U.S. or state before a title only to avoid confusion o Ex: international stories FIRST-REFERENCE o Usually introduces a person as Rep. or Sen. o But this practice is not mandatory  SECOND REFERENCE o Do not use legislative titles  CONGRESSMAN, CONGRESSWOMAN o Rep. and U.S. Rep. are preferred o Congressman or congresswoman - lowercase  May be used in subsequent references  Organizational Titles - must be capitalized before a name  PARTY AFFILIATION  TITLES o Capitalized if the title is formal or before a person's name o Lowercase - not in front of an individual's name  GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS o Domestic stories: Do not include U.S. before the title  ROYAL TITLES o Capitalize king, queen before the name  PAST AND FUTURE TITLES o Capitalized o Ex: former President George W. Bush  LONG TITLES o Separate the title from the name with the comma o Title itself will be lowercase o Ex: Charles Robinson, the undersecretary for economic affairs, spoke  UNIQUE TITLES o Insert the before the title MILITARY TITLES  Capitalize when the title precedes a person's name  List of abbreviations are listed on pages 170 to 171 of the AP Stylebook RELIGIOUS TITLES  DEITIES o Name itself is capitalized  Ex: Allah o Pronouns are lowercase o Lowercase gods  Curse words starting with "god" are lowercase o Ex: godawful, goddamn  LIFE OF CHRIST o Capitalize major events of Jesus's life o Use lowercase when the words are used with his name  Ex: The ascension of Jesus into heaven took place 40 days after his resurrection from the dead  RITES o Capitalize proper names for rites  Ex: Holy Communion AFTER A NAME  Abbreviate junior/senior after a name  After corporate entity o Abbreviate company, corporation, incorporated and limited o Academic degree in certain cases


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