SOC 2010 Chapter 11 Notes
SOC 2010 Chapter 11 Notes Soc 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
Chapter 11: Work and the Economy Marx, Durkheim, Weber agreed that analyzing modern work is important to society Conflict Theory (Marx) Stratified labor market creates conflict between groups; elites can exploit poor people Social inequality is the basic characteristic of society Better technology and paid labor gives potential for major societal improvements Bourgeoisie (elite) and proletariat (workers) Capitalism: small group of people control large amount of money and has power Individuals privately own factors of production; goal is to make profit 4 ways to maximize profit: Raise prices Cut quality Sell smaller amounts for the same price Pay workers less/ hire less workers Profit encourages efficiency: new technology, markets expanding, cut costs Alienation: a worker’s disconnected relationship to work People lose control over production, become alienated, work becomes only a way to survive 4 ways of being alienated Workers don’t get to see the product of their own labor (assembly lines) Their own productive activities (elite get the value of the product, workers only get wages) Fellow workers (only working for themselves and their personal survival) Human nature (nothing to be proud of after production, desire to create) Structural Functionalism (Durkheim) Different types of work are necessary to the economy and to society Skilled jobs get paid more than unskilled jobs Max Weber Application of economic logic to human behaviors and activity Religious aspect of Protestant Work Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism Emphasized hard work and frugal spending Symbolic Interactionism Social world from the perspective of individuals Meanings created through individual actions and interactions (micro- theory) Based on in depth interviews with people about their jobs or meanings of their jobs History of Work in the US Earliest American Economy: hunting and gathering (Native Americans) Agricultural Revolution: cotton gin (1793), planting, farming, household production Industrial Revolution: factory, assembly line, steam power, people moved to urban areas Information Revolution: microchip invented in the 1970s Recent shift from Manufacturing to Service Manufacturing: producing goods, blue collar jobs without much schooling 1970s: deindustrialization (decline of industrial activity) Service Economy High End: people with knowledge and time to improve productivity Low End: fast food workers Demand for workers at both ends of the education spectrum, not in the middle Past 30 years has led to jobs of lower wage than than under the manufacturing economy Most new jobs created don’t pay a living wage New Age Capitalism (sharing economy) Technology connects people with underused things to sell Not much regulation Signal of desperation for people who need to make money any way they can Convenience, cheaper prices, connections with people Underground Economy: sales happening under the table or off the books
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