Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Ten
Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Ten Philosophy 10200
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
Intro To Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Ten There is no evidence historical Socrates would believe in the existence of transcendent Forms Eidos = Idea = Forms Metaphysics- 600 years after death of Socrates The Metaphysics are a compilations of loose pages of Aristotle’s works about very general things which happened to be placed after the works of the Physics o It is somewhat like an editorial Platonic forms are not inside of the mind o You can only have knowledge of what never changes Platonic view: It participates in the ‘Form of Tigerhood’ But, each earthly tiger is an imperfect tiger. Only the form of tigerhood itself is completely and perfectly “tigerish” Book 1 of the Republic was written 20-30 years before the rest of the book. One can tell by the different writing styles Glacon and Ademantus were Plato’s real brothers that he wrote into the work Socrates, Polemachus, and Thrasymachus all argued what made a person just (not good) o Throughout the book they try out different theories to prove what makes a person just They conclude for a short time that ‘justice is the interest of the stronger party’ o This is known as the oldest theory of justice on record Socrates eventually ends up refuting all of these theories, destroying them one by one o He believes it is easier to detect what justice is the bigger the society is-not on an individual scale o In the grand scheme of things today it is thought that it would be easier to understand when scaling down vs. scaling up Book Two – Society as a Whole Plato wrote a Utopia – most see it as a Dystopia however It is considered Plato’s masterpiece (The Republic) o It is dramatic and well-written The Elenchus is gone – no more Q and A, he is telling you how it is His rankings of the best forms of government are as follows: o Aristocracy- rule by “the best” suited to rule o Oligarchy- rule by the few (the rich) o Timocracy – Gov’t rule o Democracy – People rule o Tyranny- Tyrant/Dictator rule He claimed that justice is a ‘proper division of labor’ In his Utopia the three social/class levels are: o 1.) Guardians- (Smallest group) Must undergo 35 years of training, must be un-corruptible o 2.) Warriors- (Medium/Small group) Could be a man or a woman o 3.) Artisan- (Largest group) Never called peasants, these people are respected as the crafts-workers of society, and the upper classes acknowledge that they would not exist without these people Information about Guardians: They are professionally trained leaders Guardianship cannot be inherited Guardians decide who your ‘mate’ could be o No love marriages o They did this in order to attempt to ‘breed’ traits that aren’t imprinted in your DNA (like personality traits and skills) o Sex is controlled by the Guardians o After giving birth, you are separated from your child and you never find out who they are o Children are raised in Communal nurserys o Every adult over a certain age is a child’s mom or dad Every child under a certain age is your son or daughter o Plato believed that the nuclear family caused psychological torture Guardians don’t even own their clothing o They have nothing to sell so they can’t acquire money and be corruptible Guardians have a complete censorship of music and literature, they can control anything that they may believe could corrupt the public There is less ‘self-discipline’ as one goes down the class ‘ranks’
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