Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 3- Notes
Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 3- Notes Mus 22121
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carla Notetaker on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Andrew Shahriari in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
Music as a World Phenomenon -1 Unit 3: Notes Notes Beijing Opera: o Song “piercing” voice fiddle & “raising and falling” gongs. o Musicians divided into two: Civil (Melodic) and Military (Rhythmic and loud aerophones) o Melodic: consists of a variety of instruments Is lead by the jinghu fiddle which is smaller and has a higher range w/ a piercing timbre primary role is to support the voice either leading or following it through modal improvisation. Correspond to the tonal contour of language. Ex. High tone = low melody Plays with a heterophonic structure o Rhythmic: conductor is a percussionist w/ a small drum w/ a high cutting timbre and a wooden dapper. Play along melodic instruments to keep a pulse, important for adding an aural emphasis on the actor’s movements. Follow action/ military scene. Revolutionary Opera: o Song “Orchestral” sound, modern theatre display o Use many of the same instruments as Beijing Opera above (w/ western orchestra instruments) o Heterophonic structure is replaced w/ Western harmony. Actors no longer use stylized speech but dramatic voice improvisation is replaced w/ a fully scored composition. Music as a World Phenomenon -2 Unit 3: Notes o Traditional opera was created for every level of society, new operas emphasized good over evil. (better suited for communist ideas) o 8 model works: 5 operas, 2 ballets, 1 symphony. Mongolia: o Song sounds like someone carrying out and holding the words they said like pu teee. o One of the most remote places, many still live as nomadic herders. o Long song w/ “Throat” singing Sounds like a low grumble and high pitched whistle Singer adjust to change pitch, the fundamental drone is low, thus enabling the high overtones to be more easily heard. Played w/ a horse head fiddle (morin khuur) which consists of two strings played w/ a bow. Tuvan singing was originally closely tied to animistic belief systems where the sounds were intended to imitate the sounds of nature. In doing so a person was able to tap into the spiritual power of their environment. Kabuki Theatre: o Song “Twangy “lute and, “yo-ho” calls w/ whistle song. o Instruments: shamisen (fretless pluched lute), nokan is a horizontal flute plays w/ the taiko, o-tuzumi, and ko-tuzumi drums. Tibetan Buddhist Ritual: o Song sounds like hammering then like wild horns sounding an alarm o Highest elevation of any inhabited area on earth, temperature can fluctuate from below freezing to nearly 80 degrees in 1 day. Music as a World Phenomenon -3 Unit 3: Notes o Tantric Buddhism is the predominate religion in region Ritualistic activity (like yoga) to achieve its spiritual aims o Music- Long trumpets produce low fog horn like timbre other trumpets overlap to produce a continuous wavering sound. Blaring trumpets contrast w/ the subdued guttural chatting of the monks. o Some Tibetan chat traditions produce overtones, similar to the throat singing from Mongolia. Difference is Tibetan tradition does not use the overtones to produce a melody per say but more an aural (audio) effect. o Trumpets: Monks explore all aspects of his mind, body and spirit. (through instruments) Kang dung traditionally made of human thighbone. Now made of metal. To remind performer that the body is impermanent. Dung kar made of conch shells. Rare contributing to their sacred value. Dung chen is made of metal and usually 5 – 12’ long. Is said to wake the gods. Music as a World Phenomenon -4 Unit 3: Notes Questions _____ is a narrative drama found in South Korea. o P’ansori Popular music from the “Western” world, i.e., Rock and roll, is regarded as “illegitimate” musical activity in accordance w/ mainstream Islamic beliefs. The omnipresent being referred to as “God”by English- speaking Christians is called ____ by Islam. o Allah Byzantine chant is typical of the religious singing of the ____. o Greek Orthodox Church
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