Cultural Anthropology Week 8
Cultural Anthropology Week 8 anth 207
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to anth 207 at Towson University taught by Scott Buresh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see cultural anthropology in Liberal Arts at Towson University.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
4/5/16 Confucianism▯ ▯ • Main principle: “a son respects his father”, “a father respects his ancestors”, etc.▯ • Patrilineal ▯ • Technically not a religion, but rather a political philosophy ▯ ** yin and yang▯ Taoism▯ • the way▯ • philosophy turned into a religion▯ ** if a temple has a dragon what does that tell you?………They have been blended. ▯ ▯ Buddhism▯ • did Buddha ever claim to be god? No! ▯ • did he ever claim to talk to and/or about the after life? No!▯ • his main issue was people suffering and why they were suffering▯ ** what is the difference between Buddhist temples and Taoism temples?…..same basic structure, but red and gold are the dominant colors of Buddhism.▯ • if you were going to a temple you would see Buddhist people praying, not to Buddha but rather practicing the teachings that Buddha has taught them▯ ▯ InVarna system based on ritual purity▯ • three major varna categories▯ • - brahmins: priests▯ - kshatriya: princess and warriors▯ - merchants and landowners▯ ▯ 4/7/16 India▯ ▯ • In India, they have to pay to get married • India has a higher population than China ▯ Female Infanticide - China and India both practice female infanticide. In India, the mother will take the daughter’s life of the third, fourth, or fifth girl child. Reincarnation is used when the daughter is killed, so they can be reborn and live a better life. This results from the woman not finding a husband and unable to pay ▯ Boys are an economic asset and girls are an economic liability. ▯ Kinship:All patrilineal, and all patrilocal but: Only China has clans. Only India practices cast endogamy, marries inside their group. ▯ Economic: all three are tributary based. Mita is how you pay tribute for the Incas, so working for the empire In China, peasants cant own land and whatever they grow goes to the imperial center In India, whatever they produce, the surplus goes to the royal family. ▯ Intensive agriculture is another aspect, but do not live off of the same crops: Incas – maize beans potatoes China – millet and rice India – wheat ▯ Politics: social control and decision-making – all three are hierarchical.All have armies, empires, and administrative cohesive force with legal systems. India – ethnicity does matter. Priests, princes and merchants. Inca – higher status ▯ The Chinese Emperor is the son of heaven and rules by the mandate of heaven. The temple of heaven offers sacrifices The Brahmins are at the top The Incan Emperor is the Son of God ▯ China and India have literacy. Incas does not have a written system. ▯ Religion – all have religious sacrifices, monumental structures, temples and professional priests Only the Incas do human sacrifices All have formalized rituals and prayers but differ from religions and spirits In China, Buddha did not claim to be God but majority of Buddhists see him as one Confucius was not about God but about respect and all that ▯ In which of these societies are religious full time functionaries? India: the priests are above princes and royalty
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