ANTHRO 223, Week 2 Notes
ANTHRO 223, Week 2 Notes ANTH 223
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Cochrane on Monday April 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 223 at University of Oregon taught by Lynn Stephen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Anthroplogy of Chocolate in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
Indigenous Origins of the Word “Cacao” (April 5) Latin America 1750 languages in Latin America before European invasions 56 language families still in Latin America 72 isolate languages still in Latin America Historical Linguistics study of the history of language and how languages change and relate to each other languages often borrow words from each other aims of historical linguistics study languages by means of comparative reconstruction study change (what has changes, when did the change occur?) Role of Catholic Church in Destroying Mayan Writing Fra Diego de Landa (Francisca Provincial and Acting Bishop of Yucatan in 1562) burned all Mayan writings but also made descriptions of the Mayan alphabet, which many have used to decode Mayan texts. Reading Mayan structure: descending pairs word order: verb, object, subject Mayan is logo-phonetic, including both syllables and word-glyphs History of Cacao in Mayan Origin Knowledge and Its Prehispanic Use Ethnohistory uses historical and ethnographic data as its foundation uses maps, music, paintings, photography, folklore, oral tradition, ecology, site exploration, language, customs, museum collections, archaeological materials, etc. Popul Vuh origin story of Quiche Mayans believed to be written in 1548 translated to Spanish later “Book of the Council” or “The Sacred Book” (considered the equivalent of the Christian Bible for Mayans was lost for a century Maya Vase Database (www.mayavase.com) archive of photos of vases from various cultures across Mesoamericans public access online can read about chemical compositions and hieroglyphs and much more made by Justin Kerr
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