Week 10 notes
Week 10 notes History 110A
Cal State Fullerton
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Veronica Barragan on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 110A at California State University - Fullerton taught by Stefan Chrissanthos in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see World Civilization to 16th Century in History at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
The Greek polis and the roman republic were two examples of freedom of speech A. Byzantine Century a. This empire is the old eastern roman empire b. Its capital was at Constantinople c. The byzantine had lost their western lands, but the still called themselves romans and dreamed that they would one day recapture the west. B. Justinian I (527-565 AD) a. His great dream was to reconquer the west b. He began to prepare for great campaigns in the west, which meant he reorganized and expanded the Byzantine army. c. He began to raise revenues, which means he raised taxes, and his government was ruthlessly efficient in collecting taxes from the byzantine empire d. Quite quickly after taking power he became hated by the people and was unpopular through most of his reign. e. His unpopularity sparked a rebellion f. Dies in 565 and very soon after becomes clear that they Byzantines would not be able to conquer and hold the west. g. After his death the Byzantines began to lose the land that he had conquered and the Byzantines would never try to reconquer. C. Nika Revolt a. The people rebelled believed that they were going to be victorious b. This revolt began at the Hippodrome c. In 532, the blues and the greens are fighting in the hippodrome and it is spilled out of the arena and into the city and stuff is destroyed, Justinian decides to take action d. 7 leaders of the blues and the greens are arrested, found guilty and sentenced to death. 5 are executed and 2 manage to escape. e. It just so happens that one is the leader of the blue and one was the leader of the green f. They are recaptured and before they could be executed there is a race at the hippodrome. g. The blues and greens beg to spare their leaders. Justinian says no and his refusal is the spark that starts the Niko revolt. What made this so dangerous was that the blues and the greens untie together and quite quickly so does the rest of the city. D. Hippodrome a. Hippo in Greek means horse so the hippodrome was a horse arena, which is where the chariot races took places b. Every city in the empire had at least one major stadium, bigger cities had more than one, the Hippodrome was by far the biggest even bigger than any stadium on Earth today c. All the chariot teams were named by the colors, the most successful were usually the blue and the greens, who were bitter rivals. The professionals had the best horses and the best chariot drivers, they were like common sports stars, they made huge amounts of money and they endorsed products. d. Roman empires often used the chariot races to make themselves seem more popular. e. The empires would pay the chariot teams to race and would let the people watch for free. f. It was expected that the emperor attend the chariot races on a regular basis g. The hippodrome played a very important in the political empire, it represented the last place for free speech in the Roman world h. There was freedom of speech in Rome, until the republic fell, which meant that freedom of speech disappeared. However, there was one exception to the rule, when the emperor was at the hippodrome, the people could yell out things at him and he was expected to take it all. i. Each chariot team had fan clubs that were highly organized with thousands of members and elected leadership E. Theodora a. The wife of Justinian who confronts him before he can escape. b. She performed in the circus at one point and was also a prostitute at one point c. She confronts Justinian and calls him a wimp and tells him to stay and fight for his throne F. Vandals a. In 533 and 534 the Byzantine reconquers the land that the Vandals had taken b. In 535 they invade Italy and conquer the Ostrogoth’s c. This began the gothic wars, which would last 17 years d. As a result of these wars Italy was devastated and would take centuries too recover, but the Byzantines were successful in retaking Italy. e. In 555 the Byzantines invaded Spain and attacked the Visigoths. They were not able to get all of Spain, but they did conquer some of it
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