chapter 11 family
chapter 11 family SOC 108
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Briana montgomery on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 108 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Gregory Maddox in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Hello I’m Briana Montgomery SIU CARBONDALE CLASS; SOC/108 CHAPTER 11; FAMILY Marriage - is legal union based on mutual rights and obligation Family - is a group of people related by marriage, blood, or adoption Family of marriage ~~is established upon marriage ,marriage ceremony signifies that it is legal for couple to have offspring and to give the children a family name Family of orientation~ ~ is the family a person is born into, or the family of birth. It provides children with: Name Identity Heritage Nuclear family~~ the smallest group of family is generally composed of mother father any children, (usually based on marriconjugal family Extended family ~~ consists of two or more adult generations of the same family whose members share economic resources and live in common households. Extended families, grandparents,children,grandchildren,aunts,uncles(blood ties, often identified as consanguine family) Dimensions of family structure - Patrilineal- descent and inheritance are passed down from the father to his male descendants Matrilineal - descent and inheritance are passed down from the mother to her female descendants Patriarchal control - the oldest man living in the household has authority over the rest of the family members Matriarchal control - the oldest women living in the household has authority over the rest of the family member Democratic control - authority is split evenly between husband and wife Nonlocal residence - newly married couple establishes a residence separate from either of their parents Patrilocal residence - when a married couple is expected to live with the husband’s parents Matrilocal residence - when a married couple is expected to live with the wife’s parents Mate selection Exogamy - to mate selection norms requiring individuals to marry someone outside their kind Example two people with the same last name could not marry Endogamy- mate selection norms that require individuals to marry within their own kind Example same sex, ethnicity religion and social class Homogamy - tendency to marry someone with similar to oneself based on personal Heterogamy - partners are similar with respect to some important social characteristics Types of marriages Monogamy the marriage of one man to one woman at a time Polygamy the male or female married to multiple partners of the other sex Polygyny the marriage of one man to two or more women at the same time Polyandry the marriage of one woman to two or more men at same time Functionalism 1 Provides initial learning experience that make people human 2 provides supportive and loving atmosphere that fulfills basic human social and emotional needs 3 it is only legitimate source of reproduction 4 it regulates sexual activity 5 places people in social class at birth 6 family servers an important economic function of society
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