Intro to Sociology, Week 11 Notes
Intro to Sociology, Week 11 Notes SO 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 7 Stratification Refers to systematic inequalities in any given society between groups of people that come about intentional or unintentional consequences of social processes Views of Inequality Jean-Jacques Rousseau th o In the 18 century, argued that private property creates social inequality which leads to social conflict Thomas Malthus o Believed inequality is good because it creates motivation for social position growth o If a person has capabilities, they can climb the ladder of success which is called meritocracy o The best and brightest go to the top while the others stay at the bottom George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel o Proposed the master-slave dialectic o Ongoing cycle between thesis and antithesis where when a new thesis develops an antithesis follows soon after o Said most social relationships are based conflicts like master-slave model Forms of Stratification Karl Marx o Used Hegel’s ideas to come up with a two class system made up of Bourgeoisie The few top people who are the owners Proletariat The many bottom people who are the workers Erik Olin Wright o Said it is a lot more complicated than just two classes o Developed the concept of classes that fall in between the two extreme classes Inherited rich Nouveau rich Upper middle class Lower middle class Working class Underclass Max Weber o Adds value, religion, and social prestige to the system of stratification C. Wright Mills o Came up with the “power elite” o A handful of people move back and forth between decision making positions
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