Sexual Orientation PSYCH 3830
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Margaret Bloder on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3830 at Clemson University taught by Pam Alley in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Sexual Orientation I. What is Sexual Orientation? A person’s erotic or emotional attraction to one or both sexes a. Homosexuality: same sex orientation (about 5% American men, about 3% American women) b. Heterosexuality: opposite sex c. Bi-sexuality: attracted to both sexes II. Historical Changes in our Understanding and Treatment of Same-Sex Orientation Historical Viewpoints Crime (Law) Sin (Religion) Illness (Medical Science): In the DSM-1, homosexuality was included as a disorder Normal Sexual Variant: Kinsey did a survey (1940s/1950s) and found that same-sex orientation was a lot more common than people believed In 1969 at the Stone Wall Riot in NYC, gay men, prostitutes, etc. were attacked and harassed and once they fought back, the Gay Rights Movement gained support and in 1974, APA voted to remove homosexuality from the DSM. Research Homosexuality (men): more likely to have anxiety symptoms Homosexuality (women): more likely to experience substance abuse This is attributed to the stigma (disgrace) of homosexuality Changes in the Law Historically, in the U.S., individuals did not have the legal right to engage in same-sex behavior. 1986: In Bowers V. Hardwick, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution did not protect the right of individuals to engage in same-sex behavior (No change in the law) 2003: In Lawrence & Garner v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution did protect the right of individuals to engage in same-sex behavior o Prior to summer of 2003, oral and anal sex between same- sex was illegal in the U.S. Can Same-sex couples marry? 1) Massachusetts was the first sate to legalize it (2003) o About 32% of the country supported the idea 2) Supreme Court Case (2015): made it legal across the US o Majority approved (52%) Is sexual orientation of choice? Biopsychosocial Model If an individual believes it’s partially biological, they are more likely to be supportive, but if an individual believes it’s completely choice, they are less likely to be supportive III. Sexual Orientation and Current Issues Gay Men and Lesbians in the Military Prior to 1993: Military members who engaged in same-sex behavior were discharged 1993: Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, Don’t Pursue: prohibited asking recruits about their orientation but viewed disclosure as conduct worthy of discharge (If it became apparent that they were gay, they would be discharged) 2010: Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, Repeal Act: repealed the 1993 law that prevented openly gay and lesbian couples from serving in the US armed forces (signed by Obama) Legal rights of gay biological parents If mom is gay, she is much less likely to have custody of child if she gets a divorce Children who are raised by gay parents are no more likely to have negative effects
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