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2444 Sports History

by: Holly Melton

2444 Sports History 2444

Marketplace > East Carolina University > History > 2444 > 2444 Sports History
Holly Melton

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Here are lecture notes for Race and Sports in 1947, please feel free to share with friends :)
History of Sports in Western History
Class Notes
sports, history, Sports History, 2444
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 04/12/16
Race and Sports since 1947 The Integration of Southern College Sports  Southern college sports resisted segregation until late 1960s and early 1970s  Prior to that there were strict segregation rules, this changed when the  Mississippi State team qualified for the NCAA tournament in 1963  Loyola of Chicago had 4 African­American players and this changed the  segregation rules, The “Game of Change”  Southern schools gradually strayed away from the segregation rules Texas Western Defeats Kentucky in the 1966 NCAA Title Game  Kentucky was ranked first in Basketball  Adolph Rupp was a strict segregationist and Don Haskins had an all­black team  Texas Western was the first all­black team to compete in the NCAA tournament USC at Alabama, 1970  In 1969 Adolph Rupp signed his first black athlete  Southern teams broke away from the segregation rules The internationalization & Radicalization of the Civil Rights Movement in Sports  Golf and Tennis were the last to desegregate because they were known as elitist  sports excluding African­Americans from becoming members  In the 1970s Charlie Sifford and Lee Elder broke the African­American line  Elder broke the line when he won the 1975 masters tournament, paving the way  for non­white players  Clubs refused to admit black members until 1990 and female members in 2012  In 1950 a campaign forced the Tennis organization to accept Althea Gibson Arthur Ashe’s Anti­Apartheid Campaign  Desegregated men’s tennis in the 1960s  Ashe was a civil rights activist, in 1970 he applied for a visa and applied to  participate in the South­African open tennis tournament   Ashe called for a boycott against the South­African open because they denied  him of both  The par­tied ended in 1994 1968 Mexico City Olympics  The new generation of civil rights leaders wanted a new militant approach that  didn’t exclude the use of violence against blacks, black separation from white  society, and black power  The new generation believed that the feeling of inferiority to whites called for  “Black Power”, aka black empowerment   Teaching African­Americans racial pride so they can move forward in the civil  rights and sporting world  There was an attempt to boycott the 1968 Olympics by the African­American  players but failed, athletes were unwilling to surrender the opportunity to compete in the Olympics  Tommie Smith and John Carlos’ took the podium, when the TV set on them they  lowered their head and raised their fists signifying the racial injustice that African­ American continued to suffer from  The Olympic committee banned them from any future Olympic games The Greatest: Muhammad Ali  In the 1960s Muhammad Ali rose as the symbol of black power and a strong  voice among black athletes  His real name is Cassius Clay  In 1964 he fought Sonny Liston for the world champion title and won, remaining  champion for the next 3 years  Muhammad Ali joined the nation of Islam which opposed whites  When Muhammad Ali was drafted in 1967 he refused, insisting his religion  prohibited from taking up arms  Because he refused to be drafted the New York State boxing commission  stripped him of his title and his boxing license, he was also arrested for draft  evasion  He was convicted with a $100,00 fine and 5 years in prison  By the early 1970s people were giving praise to Ali and in 1971 the Court  overturned his convictions and in 1974 he regained his titles  Lost his title in 1979 Roberto Clemente & the Latinization of Baseball  Roberto Clemente was the first great Latino MLB, he did not know English and  had to learn  Was subjected to the same abuse to African­American players because of his  skin color  Played for 18 seasons and won national league most valuable player award in  1976 st  Died on December 31 , 1972 because of a plane crash to Nicaragua 


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