2444 Sports History
2444 Sports History 2444
Popular in History of Sports in Western History
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Race and Sports since 1947 The Integration of Southern College Sports Southern college sports resisted segregation until late 1960s and early 1970s Prior to that there were strict segregation rules, this changed when the Mississippi State team qualified for the NCAA tournament in 1963 Loyola of Chicago had 4 AfricanAmerican players and this changed the segregation rules, The “Game of Change” Southern schools gradually strayed away from the segregation rules Texas Western Defeats Kentucky in the 1966 NCAA Title Game Kentucky was ranked first in Basketball Adolph Rupp was a strict segregationist and Don Haskins had an allblack team Texas Western was the first allblack team to compete in the NCAA tournament USC at Alabama, 1970 In 1969 Adolph Rupp signed his first black athlete Southern teams broke away from the segregation rules The internationalization & Radicalization of the Civil Rights Movement in Sports Golf and Tennis were the last to desegregate because they were known as elitist sports excluding AfricanAmericans from becoming members In the 1970s Charlie Sifford and Lee Elder broke the AfricanAmerican line Elder broke the line when he won the 1975 masters tournament, paving the way for nonwhite players Clubs refused to admit black members until 1990 and female members in 2012 In 1950 a campaign forced the Tennis organization to accept Althea Gibson Arthur Ashe’s AntiApartheid Campaign Desegregated men’s tennis in the 1960s Ashe was a civil rights activist, in 1970 he applied for a visa and applied to participate in the SouthAfrican open tennis tournament Ashe called for a boycott against the SouthAfrican open because they denied him of both The partied ended in 1994 1968 Mexico City Olympics The new generation of civil rights leaders wanted a new militant approach that didn’t exclude the use of violence against blacks, black separation from white society, and black power The new generation believed that the feeling of inferiority to whites called for “Black Power”, aka black empowerment Teaching AfricanAmericans racial pride so they can move forward in the civil rights and sporting world There was an attempt to boycott the 1968 Olympics by the AfricanAmerican players but failed, athletes were unwilling to surrender the opportunity to compete in the Olympics Tommie Smith and John Carlos’ took the podium, when the TV set on them they lowered their head and raised their fists signifying the racial injustice that African American continued to suffer from The Olympic committee banned them from any future Olympic games The Greatest: Muhammad Ali In the 1960s Muhammad Ali rose as the symbol of black power and a strong voice among black athletes His real name is Cassius Clay In 1964 he fought Sonny Liston for the world champion title and won, remaining champion for the next 3 years Muhammad Ali joined the nation of Islam which opposed whites When Muhammad Ali was drafted in 1967 he refused, insisting his religion prohibited from taking up arms Because he refused to be drafted the New York State boxing commission stripped him of his title and his boxing license, he was also arrested for draft evasion He was convicted with a $100,00 fine and 5 years in prison By the early 1970s people were giving praise to Ali and in 1971 the Court overturned his convictions and in 1974 he regained his titles Lost his title in 1979 Roberto Clemente & the Latinization of Baseball Roberto Clemente was the first great Latino MLB, he did not know English and had to learn Was subjected to the same abuse to AfricanAmerican players because of his skin color Played for 18 seasons and won national league most valuable player award in 1976 st Died on December 31 , 1972 because of a plane crash to Nicaragua
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