Survey of World History to 1500- Week 12
Survey of World History to 1500- Week 12 10494
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carrington Johnson on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10494 at Georgia State University taught by Rachel Ernst in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Survey of World History to 1500 Day 24 March 31, 2016 Jesus born right before Herod the Great’s death- BEST GUESS- 4 BCE (Jesus’s Birth) Artisans lower than peasant farmers (carpenters) Jesus was trilingual (Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek) Socioeconomic, political, spiritual turmoil at the time in Palestine Palestine was client-state- Roman government overall and Jewish government within Judea, Galilee and surrounding area around Palestine- Jesus had 3 yearlong mission; if people treated each other well, they will be free in the next life Brought before Jewish court and found guilty of blasphemy, killed, and executed Source Material: Gospels- synoptic gospels - Mark c.60-70 CE (shortest, not written by Mark but gives more authority, passed down from Mark) - Luke and Matthew c.90 CE - John c.120+ CE (4 generations after Jesus’ death, dialogue form, more about teachings of Jesus than life of Jesus) Epistles - Letters of Paul and Peter c.30-40 CE Other Books- over 300 circulated after Jesus’ death, no one knew what to do after his death Different understanding of what Christianity should mean, about what Jesus meant Christian Sects: Gnostics- world soul Ebionites- little tweak on Jewish laws, believed God of Old Testament different from God that Jesus represented Marcionites Proto-orthodox- fed into Christianity as we know it today - Apostolic Succession- every priest or bishop should be able to trace lineage back to an apostle - Jesus: divine and human - God of the Old Testament and New Testament are one - Trinity Movement more successful because it had more order Christianity spread like wildfire, many Christians persecuted Decline of Rome Germanic invasions from the north Constant changeover of emperors between 211 and 284 Emperor Diocletian (r. 284-305) Increased military by a third to combat invaders Divided empire in half Established tetrarchy- emperor and junior emperor in each half Constantine (r.313-337) Re-unified empire Relocated capital to Constantinople- west falling apart from blitz attacks, east is more stable and able to be protected His death triggered power-grab by three sons Constantine and the Christianization of Rome Battle of Milvian Bridge- deciding battle to unify Rome In hoc signo vinces- in this sign you will conquer, symbol on all his banners, won the battle Edict of Milan (313 CE) Eusebius of Caesarea- Caesaropapism- if emperor head of state and if Christian you were head of church Council of Nicaea (325 CE) - specifics of the faith were ironed out; most of them proto- orthodox, books in New Testament were ironed out Athanasius of Alexandria- compiled original list of what should go into New Testament- basically composed New Testament as we know it Fall of the Roman Empire Civil infighting continued after Constantine’s death In 395, the Empire was, once again, divided into East and West (split is permanent this time) Germanic tribes continued to invade from the north People called themselves Roman but no longer a Roman state • No new buildings • No new scrolls Western Rome became financially unstable Debasing currency- coins made with cheaper material and decreased value of coinage Plague hit the city of Rome Visigoths sacked the city in 410
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