New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to Anthropology, Week 13 of Notes

by: Nicole Sanacore

Intro to Anthropology, Week 13 of Notes ANTH 1101 - 002

Nicole Sanacore
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from the 13th week's (April 4) lectures as well as chapter 7's notes.
Intro to Anthropology
Gregory S. Starrett
Class Notes
Anthro, anth 1101, intro to anthropology, ANTH
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Anthropology

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sanacore on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1101 - 002 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Gregory S. Starrett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.


Reviews for Intro to Anthropology, Week 13 of Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/12/16
ANTH 1101 – Week 13 Chapter 7 domestication – human interference with the reproduction of another species, with the result that specific plants and animals become more useful to people and dependent on them ecological niche –any species’ way of life: what it eats and how it finds mates, raises its young, relates to companions, and protects itself from predators evolutionary niche – sum of all the natural selection pressures to which a population is exposed niche construction – when an organism actively perturbs the environment or when it actively moves into a different environment, thereby modifying the selection pressures it is subject to agriculture - the systematic modification of the environments of plants and animals to increase their productivity and usefulness agroecology – the systematically modified environment (or constructed niche) that becomes the only environment within which domesticated plants can flourish sedentism - the process of increasingly permanent human habitation in one place broad-spectrum foraging – a subsistence strategy based on collecting a wide range of plants and animals by hunting, fishing, and gathering social stratification – a form of social organization in which people have unequal access to wealth, power, and prestige Neolithic – the “New Stone Age,” which began with the domestication of plants 10,300 years ago egalitarian social relations – social relations in which no great differences in wealth, power, or prestige divide members from one another surplus production – the production of amounts of food that exceed the basic subsistence needs of the population occupational specialization – specialization in various occupations (e.g., weaving or pot making) or in new social roles (e.g., king or priest) that is found in socially complex societies class – a ranked group within a hierarchically stratified society whose membership is defined primarily in terms of wealth, occupation, or other economic criteria complex societies – societies with large populations, an extensive division of labor, and occupational specialization monumental architecture – architectural constructions of a greater-than-human scale, such as pyramids, temples, and tombs grave goods – objects buried with a corpse concentrations of particular artifacts – sets of artifacts indicating that particular social activities took place at a particular area in an archaeological site when that site was inhabited in the past sherds – pieces of broken pots bloodwealth – material goods paid by perpetrators to compensate their victims for their loss Lecture – April 6 gender, age, shaman - social distinctions in !Kung society 2 ways of developing hierarchies  elementary – every human group has these distinctions available (age, gender)  derived – based on features that social formations may or may not have available to them; derived from development of agriculture (class, urban/rural, hereditary status, ethnicity, division of labor) agriculture – consists of domestication and cultivation/husbandry domestication – the systematic genetic alteration of plants and animals to make them more suitable for human use criteria for domesticating wild grass  tough rachis  increase number of seeds  bigger seeds  weaker seed coat domesticating a boar:  get rid of tusks  increase size  decrease speed  decrease intelligence field = artificial ecosystem  increased instability  protecting crop surplus – having more than you need, derived hierarchy is based on this benefits of agriculture: can support larger groups cost of agriculture: more work, more risk, ownership Greece/Turkey foraging – 15,000 years ago avg. height men – 5’9” gvg. height women – 5’5” agriculture – 3,000 B.C.E. avg. height men – 5’3” avg. height women – 5’ Dickson’s Mounds – Native American burial site in Illinois Foraging – 950 B.C.E. – varied diet, 2-3 people per square mile Agriculture – 1100 B.C.E. – maize and tools fund Agriculture – 1200 B.C.E. – 25 people per square mile; health effects: bacterial infections, porotic hyperostosis; degenerative conditions (26% foraging to 84% agriculture). Trauma/parry fractures (15% forg. to 33% ag.), decreased rate of growth below the age of 5, hypoplasia in tooth enamel (50% forg. to 80% ag.), life expectancy at birth decreased from 26 years to 19 years Cahokia – population of 30,000; 100 km south of Dickson’s Mounds


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.