JDST. Week 4 Class Notes
JDST. Week 4 Class Notes JDST 340
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Roulhac on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JDST 340 at University of Maryland - Baltimore County taught by Severin Hochberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see JDST 340 in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Maryland - Baltimore County.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
CLASS NOTES 04/12/2016 Changes from Catholicism to Protestantism brought on primarily because of invention of printing press and increase in literacy rate. o Protestantism: accusations against Catholic Church (indulgences and corruption) and theologically disagreed (individual relationship with the Bible/Christ, concept of original sin) o Protestantism 1.The rediscovery of the Bible, 2. It went back to the Old Testament one of Luther's (and Calvin's) criticism of the Catholic Church was that it was PAGAN had sold their soul in order to become big and powerful go back to the beginning (Ascetic [simple and humble] in nature the Old Testament is the real deal] o Who would "go with" Protestantism? Urban people especially harbor cities (middle class, mall business owners and merchants) already had a little bit of literacy who were fed up with arbitrary behavior of nobility or the backward aristocracy off landowners who were armed and did whatever they wanted to, these people tended to believe in the realm of rationality Reformation 1 Calvin > Switzerland (Proselytized in Geneva) > "conquered" S. France, Netherlands. Scotland is called "Presbyterian", USA "Puritans" from Bristol in England to the Netherlands Calvin and the Jews A He did not really care about the Jews and was shocked by Luther's AntiSemitism there are plenty of things wrong about the Jews, but they weren't the worst they were the authors of the Bible and had very limited contact with them B Usury is ok, nothing wrong with it Jews did well in all of Calvin's society's because they were able to make a living = large Jewish communities in these places C Theology: an all powerful Hebrew God Catholics had tried to feminize and all man can do is prove salvation (Predestination people who believed in God were chose ahead of time), a community religion this is where you find yourself and to give to it D Having money God favored you, by the 19th century people were saying if you're poor it's you own fault 1 Luther > Germany and Scandinavia a System of the Church is not important b What is important about Luther as a Protestant? He is a MEDIEVAL man (He is the end of one thing but is the beginning of the tradition of going beyond the limitations that the Church observed introduced a new, more dangerous limitless idea) ***Roman Catholic theology had a place for the Jews 1 (16th 18th century: Anglican, Baptist, Methodist) England revolt from Catholic Church during this time under Henry VIII because he wrote an essay praising the Pope and Catholicism and condemning Martin Luther o Henry kept Catholicism in practices (Episcopal/ Anglican nuns and Priests Priests can get married) 18th century Britain you have the Baptists and the Methodists ( M for the skilled English workingclass) Jew better off under Protestantism because their culture made a better fit with the culture of the Protestants, partly because they were not allowed to live in W. European Catholic countries most important is that Luther passed on a "lively" antiSemitic tradition (not new, but more violent and limitless) or the medieval tradition prepared a modern version of antiSemitism (needed because things are changing: power from Church to the State, outdated and need a new definition of what was wrong with the Jews pride and boasting of the Jews as being the children of God there is something inherently evil about the Jew it is not what they do// new notion that there is something inherently wrong in what you are, cannot be redeemed by what you do )