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JDST. Week 4 Class Notes

by: Sydney Roulhac

JDST. Week 4 Class Notes JDST 340

Sydney Roulhac

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Class Notes Cover what we covered in class in regards to the Reformation.
JDST 340
Severin Hochberg
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Roulhac on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JDST 340 at University of Maryland - Baltimore County taught by Severin Hochberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see JDST 340 in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Maryland - Baltimore County.


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Date Created: 04/12/16
CLASS NOTES 04/12/2016   Changes from Catholicism to Protestantism brought on primarily because of invention of  printing press and increase in literacy rate.  o Protestantism: accusations against Catholic Church (indulgences and corruption)  and theologically disagreed (individual relationship with the Bible/Christ, concept of  original sin) o Protestantism ­ 1.The rediscovery of the Bible, 2. It went back to the Old  Testament one of Luther's (and Calvin's) criticism of the Catholic Church was that it  was PAGAN ­ had sold their soul in order to become big and powerful ­ go back to  the beginning (Ascetic [simple and humble] in nature ­ the Old Testament is the real  deal] o Who would "go with" Protestantism? Urban people especially harbor cities  (middle class, mall business owners and merchants) ­ already had a little bit of  literacy ­ who were fed up with arbitrary behavior of nobility or the backward  aristocracy off landowners who were armed and did whatever they wanted to, these  people tended to believe in the realm of rationality   Reformation  1 Calvin ­> Switzerland (Proselytized in Geneva) ­­­­> "conquered" S. France,  Netherlands. Scotland is called "Presbyterian", USA "Puritans" from Bristol in  England to the Netherlands Calvin and the Jews A He did not really care about the Jews and was shocked by Luther's Anti­­Semitism ­  there are plenty of things wrong about the Jews, but they weren't the worst ­ they  were the authors of the Bible and had very limited contact with them  B Usury is ok, nothing wrong with it ­ Jews did well in all of Calvin's society's because  they were able to make a living = large Jewish communities in these places  C Theology:  an all powerful Hebrew God ­ Catholics had tried to feminize and all man  can do is prove salvation (Predestination ­ people who believed in God were chose  ahead of time), a community religion ­ this is where you find yourself and to give to it D Having money ­ God favored you, by the 19th century people were saying if you're  poor it's you own fault   1 Luther ­> Germany and Scandinavia  a System of the Church is not important  b What is important about Luther as a Protestant? He is a MEDIEVAL man (He is the end of one thing but is the beginning of the tradition of going beyond the  limitations that the Church observed ­ introduced a new, more dangerous  limitless idea)  ***Roman Catholic theology had a place for the Jews 1 (16th ­18th century: Anglican, Baptist, Methodist)  England revolt from Catholic Church during this time under Henry VIII because he  wrote an essay praising the Pope and Catholicism and condemning Martin Luther o Henry kept Catholicism in practices (Episcopal/ Anglican  nuns and Priests ­  Priests can get married)   18th century Britain you have the Baptists and the Methodists ( M for the skilled  English working­class)    Jew better off under Protestantism because their culture made a better fit with the culture  of the Protestants, partly because they were not allowed to live in W. European Catholic  countries ­ most important is that Luther passed on a "lively" anti­Semitic tradition (not  new, but more violent and limitless)  or the medieval tradition ­ prepared a modern version  of anti­Semitism (needed because things are changing: power from Church to the State,  outdated and need a new definition of what was wrong with the Jews ­ pride and boasting  of the Jews as being the children of God ­ there is something inherently evil about the Jew ­ it is not what they do// new notion that there is something inherently wrong in what you  are, cannot be redeemed by what you do ) 


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