PKSC 102 environmental laws and regulations
PKSC 102 environmental laws and regulations 81499 - PKSC 1020 - 001
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81499 - PKSC 1020 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Addie Pearson on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 81499 - PKSC 1020 - 001 at Clemson University taught by Heather P Batt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Packaging Science in Nutrition and Food Sciences at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
ENVIROMENTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS ENVIROMENTAL LAWS AND REGS - Health laws o Focused at FEDRAL level - Environmental laws o Focused at a state and LOCAL level FEDERAL LAWS AND REGS - Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) o Deals with solid waste issues - Clean water act - Clean air act INDIRECTLY PACKAGING RELATED - VOC’s (Volatile Organic Corrosives) - Water – based inks, coatings and adhesives - Incinerators - Solvent recovery - Special Case: CFC’s and Foamed plastics (EPS) – Expanded Polystyrene STATE LAWS AND REGULATIONS - Bottle bills: 11 states o Cleaner than states w/o bottle bills - California “proposition 65” - ground water protection originally o Requires that you list any carcinogens or anything that causes birth defects - Iowa Groundwater Protection Act o Packages proven to affect ground water can be banned - Mandatory “recycling” laws o In reality is mandatory SEPARATION - comprehensive solid waste recycling source reduction laws - packaging review boards o Some states used to have these - Degradable “High Cone” o Plastic ring carrier for cans - Beverage container pull tab bans o Tabs must remain on cans, most states except Florida have this law - Aseptic “Brick Pack” Ban – Maine o Actually takes up less space in a landfill and can be recycled PACKAGING AND SOLID WASTE - packaging is the largest contributor to solid waste – 30% by weight or volume - most solid waste is landfilled - most that isn’t is incinerated – with heat recovery - recycling is increasing, but only contributes to th solution – not an ANSWER by itself - mandatory recycling is really mandatory separation - not everything can be recycled - FDA has regulations detailing with how recycled materials can be used for food packaging - Success with aluminum, glass, paper/paperboard and some palstics EPA HIERARCHY OF SOLUTIONS TO SOLID WASTE In order of the highest to lowest priority: 1. Source reduction – 1 bestst 2. Recycling 3. Incineration with energy recovery 4. Landfill – last resort DESIGN PACKAGES FOR DISPOSAL - Must design packages with minimal impact on environment - Also must consider that other countries have different rules than the US (German green dot program) PLASTIC RECYCLING SORTING CODES - SPI - Society of Plastics Industry - 1 = PETE – polyester – water bottles, coke bottles - 2 = HDPE – lids, milk jugs, lids to sourcream - 3 = PVC – clear plastic wrap - 4 = LDPE – bread bags, Ziploc bags - 5 = PP – tubs things come in, screw caps - 6 = PS – clear, straw berry containers - 7 = other (includes multilayer)
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