psyc 3120 chapter 16 lecture notes
psyc 3120 chapter 16 lecture notes PSYC 3120
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Finister on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3120 at Auburn University taught by Elizabeth Brestan Knight in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Lecture 16 April 12, 2016 CHAPTER 16: Middle Adulthood Societal & Personality Development Societal Changes o Childbirth in 30s-40s o Second careers o Early retirement Normative-Crisis Model o Stage models o Criticism o Outdated, not applicable anymore o Sample size wasn’t focused on the nation as a whole § Mainly upperclass males o Rigid gender roles Life Events Model o Timing of events (not just age) Erikson o Stage theory o Focused on “crisis” o Perception is important o Person’s view of themselves o Generativity vs Stagnation o Able to see their life/use it as a contribution to the community or are they stuck? Stagnation o Focus on the negatives in life o Limited contributions to the community o Just kind of satisfied with where they’re at, don’t want to grow or see a need to Generativity o Contributions o Biological § Working on physical fitness o Parental § Helping to mentor people o Work Lecture 16 April 12, 2016 § Focused on being responsible & managing workloads o Cultural § Helping the community grow through philanthropy o Concern for the next generation George Valliant o Another crisis theory o Ages 45-55 o “keeping the meaning vs rigidity” o accept imperfection in self and others o rigidity = isolation o as you age you need to be more flexible with thinking Levinson’s Seasons of Life o Early adulthood o “the dream” § what is my plan to do with my life? o Enact plans for achieving goals § Spend a lot of time thinking how can I achieve my goals o Settle down in their 30s § By the end people are settling down & living the dream o Middle adulthood o 40-45 o midlife transition: time of questioning • maybe I was wrong with my plan, what can I do with the rest of my life to make it productive § finite nature of life § first signs of aging • what parts haven’t happened, can I make them happen? § Doubt value of accomplishments • Second guessing what they did o Midlife Crisis o Uncertainty & indecision § About the direction of their life o Desire to correct past mistakes § Do all of the things they never got to do when they were young § Time for action o Future depends on resolution of midlife crisis § mid course correction in life o Fact or Myth? § Evidence shows both § Effect of popular culture Lecture 16 April 12, 2016 o Criticism o Small sample size § Only men § Not all experienced midlife crisis Social Clock for women o Ravenna Helson o Life events Model o Look at events rather than age o Social clock o Physiological timepiece that records the major milestones in people’s lives o Time of psychological growth o 21 or 39 example § having a kid is going to have a different impact at 21 vs 39 o longitudinal study of female college graduates of the 60s o typical feminine behavior (21-27) o positive personality changes whether focused on career or family Stability Vs Change o change o stage theorists such as Erikson & Levinson o stable o trait theorists such as costa & McCrae Costa & McCrae o The Big Five- stable over time!! o NEOAC § Neuroticism • Someone who tends to worry • Have issues with change § Extraversion • Outgoing • gain energy from being around people § Openness to Experience • Interested in trying new things • Creative § Agreeableness • Okay with others ideas • Flexible § Conscientious Lecture 16 April 12, 2016 • Responsible, pays attention to detail Work & Careers in Middle Adulthood o Greatest productivity and satisfaction o Put a lot of attention into work o Burnout o Highly trained professionals o Helping professions § Dealing with other peoples problems 24/7 becomes toxic o Unemployment o Financial and psychological effects § Peoples skills are outdated o Changing careers o Stereotypes of older workers may lead to age discrimination o Not as competitive, afraid they cant keep up o However older workers o Less absentecism § Not caring for younger children o More reliable o Hold job longer o More willing to learn new skills Changes in family o Empty Nest Syndrome o Sadness from children leaving home o Can be a time of growth and happiness § They can finally do what they want, when they want without any worries or dependents o Boomerang Children o Children in 20s-30s who return back home after college • Hard to find a job • Cost of living is expensive • Males more often than women due to their independence at home o Sandwich Children o Between raising children and caring for parents • Children need to be attended to but their parents are getting older and need help too
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