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HIST 278 Week 13 Notes

by: Lynde Wangler

HIST 278 Week 13 Notes HIST 278

Lynde Wangler
GPA 3.836

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Thursday lecture notes
History of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Lisa Lindsay
Class Notes
History of the TAST
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lynde Wangler on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 278 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Lisa Lindsay in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see History of the Transatlantic Slave Trade in History at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.


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Date Created: 04/12/16
HIST 278 Week 13 Notes Suppressing the Slave Trade I. British Campaigns II. The Illegal Trade III. Enforcing Slave Trade Abolition IV. Resettlement V. Efforts in Africa VI. Final Slave Trade Abolition VII. Conclusions  Britain/ anti-slavery activists wanted to expand ban  campaigns, petitions, drives, boycotts, etc…  Peace Treaty, Napoleonic Wars wanted other European nations to ban participation in slave trade (caveat on treaty)  Anti-Slave Trade Treaties o 1815 treaties: France and other major continental powers agreed to abolish their slave trades; Portugal ended slave trading north of the equator o 1817 Spanish treaty with UK abolishing its trade north of the equator and allowing British officials to search Spanish vessels o 1820 Spain promised total abolition of the Spanish slave trade o 1822: Brazil became independent from Portugal; demanded the maintenance of the trade south of the equator o 1830: Brazil made its slave trade officially illegal  Still imported almost a 1/3 of the total in the second half of the th 19 century  Profits for slave traders at all-time high because demand was still high  Most slaves were coming from W.C. Africa and Mozambique (S.E. Africa)  Mostly going to Brazil and Cuba  1860s: Last African slave ship brought to Americas (1861 Fort Sumter Civil War)  Just signing treaties was not enough Britain had the strongest navy in the Western World o Blockade/ naval squadron charged with intercepting slave trips; patrolled coasts of Africa/Brazil/Cuba; US and France helped (a little bit) Spain and Portugal  What do you do with them once you catch them? o Set up courts of mixed commission; one in Africa, Havana, Rio, St. Helena; decided what to do with ships and people  system of apprenticeship  Many resettled in Sierra Leone (1787 “Free Town”) – thousands came every th year; 150.000 in the first half of the 19 century o People began to organize themselves into villages (about 120 with similar backgrounds, origins, and languages) o Missionaries flocked to Sierra Leone worked with the British government western education: Christianity; English-speaking and literate  they tried to get home from where they had been taken from  Liberia – colonized by African Americans  British navy  Sierra Leone Slave forts  (image) burning a coastal baracoon came back later to make Lagos a British colony o Began to promote “legitimate trade” products not made by slaves o Thomas Fowell Buxton – said they just needed to buy other things – got African leaders their imports in some other way  Palm oil lubricant used in the industrial revolution as Europe industrialized ground nuts (sent out these products instead of slaves) o Glitch: who grew the palm oil?? SLAVES – no wage labor market th  The expansion of “legitimate trade” in 19 century West Africa connected to expansion of slavery in Africa (est. 10 million slaves in Africa in mid-19th century) moving towards imperialism  Final Slave Trade Abolition: Brazilian law of 1850 ended the Brazilian slave trade – after British blockaded ports; enforced by Brazilian and British authorities and the trade effectively halted that year  Cuba ended its slave trade in 1866, after a joint US-UK treaty and naval action THE END…  What did it take? o Technological advancements o Pressure from British abolitionists o Military forces


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