Learning part 3
Learning part 3 PSYC-11762-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Thompson on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC-11762-001 at Kent State University taught by Robin L. Joynes in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 04/13/16
Learning (Part 3) Wednesday, April 13, 2016 1:21 PM Observational Learning Acquiring knowledge, skills, rules, strategies, beliefs, and attitudes by watching others. Also called: o Modeling o Social Learning o Imitation Characteristics of Observational Learning o Eliminates trial and error learning. Takes less time than operant conditioning. Involves four main processes Four Main Processes o Attention o Retention o Motor Reproduction o Reinforcement/motivation Albert Bandura’s “Bobo Doll” Experiment o Do kids watching someone be violent with the doll tend to be violent to the doll as well? Yes, kids watching the video of the women beating up the doll later went on to be violent with the doll when given the chance o Does watching aggressive behavior on TV… cause a person to act less aggressively? cause a person to act more aggressively? Purposive Learning o Question: If much of our behavior is controlled by rewards and punishments, do we really have “free will?” o Answer: Depends on who you talk to… E.C. Tolman o In opposition to Skinner’s behaviorism, Tolman emphasized the idea that much of behavior is goal directed and purposeful. Evidence for Expectancies o Tinklepaugh’s banana/lettuce switcharoo experiment Remember the Monkey who was rewarded with a banana if he guessed which cup it was under correctly….also remember what the reaction of the monkey was when the banana was switched with lettuce It was very angry Latent Learning o Learning occurs even when responses are not being reinforced— however, it might not be immediately reflected in behavior. Also called implicit learning. What Can we Conclude? o Learning occurs all the time, even without rewards and punishments. o As we make associations we form mental expectations about future events. o Based on our past experiences, we engage in behavior that allows us to achieve goals.
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