New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Soc 354, Week 11 notes

by: Clarissa Hinshaw

Soc 354, Week 11 notes Soc 354

Clarissa Hinshaw
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes for Week 11.
Families and Social Change
Jan Reynolds
Class Notes
sociology, Families and Social Change
25 ?




Popular in Families and Social Change

Popular in Sociology

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.


Reviews for Soc 354, Week 11 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/13/16
Chapter 8 Marriage and Cohabitation  Marriage has become more diverse, but is still very unequal. Social changes affect  families as well.   More people are marrying older or not at all, which rates vary by race. Marriage rates are  higher among people with college degrees.   Fall appreciation and rising ideal for marriage have both contributed to its decline.   Economic independence lessens people’s need to marry and economic hardships lessens  a person’s mate choices.   Factors often considered in a mate are race, religion, and education level.   A marriage squeeze happens when women date older men and find less options as a  result.   Black women value men who are good providers more than white women.   Participating in higher education often results in people marrying at older ages. This is  called the transition into adulthood or emerging adulthood.   People still marry because of economic and political incentives, social pressure, and  initiation (conformity).   Some sociologists compare the marriage market to the marketplace, shopping for what  they like or can afford.  o This assumes of marriage being voluntary and of there being competition of the  spouse market.   Men tend to marry women with more beauty and less money. They also look at a  woman’s motherhood potential.   People of lower status tend to marry people of higher status (blacks and whites) when  they have less $ than their mate.   Sometimes a person’s desire may be conflict. Ex: liking someone who is hot but has no  life goals. Sometimes people marry the wrong person because they are blinded by love.  They also don’t have access to all the options out there, so they may never know if they  have found the right person.   Marriage market: how and where people look for long­term love.   There are often boundaries such as race, education, and religion.   People in larger groups are more likely within their group. Ex: white people marrying  other white people.   Marrying a black person is most likely to cause disapproval amongst other races.   It is expected of people with college degrees to marry someone with the same level of  education.   There used to be more concern about marrying someone of different religion than  interracial marriage.   Cohabitation: living with a significant other whom you are not married to.  This isn’t always clearly defined because some couples only live together part time and  there isn’t always a clear start or end date.   Living together prior to marriage is the most common arrangement. It is now an expected stage in a relationship.  can sometimes cause couples to marry before they are ready.  Some live together for financial reasons. Some plan to marry when they have more  money, but some may split up because of financial stress.   Some couples don’t believe in marriage. Some families may not approve of some couples marrying.   Cohabitation is sometimes a compromise for couples who aren’t on the same page about  marriage.   Many divorced couples cohabitate instead of marrying again because it carries less risk.  They want to protect their assets more than receive the financial benefits of marriage.  They usually have separate finances until they have been together for a long time.   They are often happier in their relationships than married couples.   A lifelong commitment is often difficult to picture for independent people.   Keys to a happy marriage: lifelong commitment, success, emotional support, and  security.   Research on married couples often asks them if their marriage is happy and emotionally  healthy.  White people and men feel happier in marriage than black people and women.   The gender difference comes from men being socialized to benefit more from marriage.   Couples with more $ report being happier in their relationships because of less financial  stress.   Same­sex couples are just as happy in their relationships as heterosexual couples.   There is a directionality issue with studies observing relationship happiness and  continuing a relationship.   Single people are happier than people in unhappy relationships.   Selection effect: when the outcome comes before the cause.  The government contributes to marriage rates by providing financial benefits to married  couples, and through same­sex marriage laws.   The government believes providing Temporary Assistants for Needy Families (TANF)  will encourage mother to either get a job or get married.   Concerns about this include the government forcing people to stay in unhealthy marriages and the trend could also be reversed by teaching independence to the poor.   Critics provide other solutions for this such as raising the minimum wage and helping  with childcare.   The efforts the government has made to promote marriage have failed and made no  difference on whether couples marry.   Before 1970, there was no controversy over same­sex marriage because gay voices were  not heard. The Stonewall Riots changed this.   Marriage wasn’t issue in the gay rights movement until the 1990’s.   Don’t Ask Don’t was initiated during this period and appealed in 2010.  Many states banned same­sex marriage when it wasn’t illegal before.   The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was initiated during this time and repealed 3  years ago.   Some conservatives believe allowing same­sex couples to marriage takes the traditional  meaning out of marriage.   People supportive of same­sex marriage argue the benefits married couples receive.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.