Week 12 Notes
Week 12 Notes HY 101
Popular in Western Civ To 1648
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for Week 12 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/13/16
Week 12 Notes Machiavelli and Luther Nicoló Machiavelli, 1469 – 1527 Wrote The Prince in political and personal turmoil Medici family o Powerful and wealthy banking and merchant family o Ran the show in Venice o Had been in power during the French invasion; goes into exile He becomes an official in the new republic government Medici family comes back into power 1512 o Machiavelli is jailed and tortured for his participation in the republic government o He then is under house arrest and restricted from participating in politics st Il Principe (The Prince) c. 1512; 1 published 1532 o Written for the Medici to prove his worth and advice o Fortuna and virtú Two main concepts of the book Fortuna: fortune/fate No control over the circumstances Cannot fall back on a certain set of rules Virtú: virtue/moral Must be relied on Indefinable quality of character that allows the individual to assess political situation and make the best decision Could be trained through education and experience We judge decision on political success, not if it is ethical o Cicero De Officus Major influence; did the opposite of Cicero Left the Humanists surprised Examples: Man vs. beasts Keeping a promise Good, ethical vs. best result Development before Luther Invention of the printing press o Johannes Gutenburg c. 1400-1468 Perfected the printing press o Most famous for the Gutenburg bibles o Becomes extremely important for spreading Luther’s ideas Christian Humanism o Especially present in Northern Europe o To make people better Christians o Wanted to inspire people through eloquence in their work o Tried to get the Bible to the original texts by learning biblical Hebrew and ancient Greek Grievance Literature o Especially present in the Holy Roman Empire o Multiple level of complaints o The world is out of whack The Church wasn’t doing the spiritual requirements Martin Luther, 1483-1546 Relatively comfortable family Father expected Luther to become a lawyer o Sent to University to start his studies; 1505, graduates; in this year, he is caught in a massive thunderstorm, prays for safety in return for becoming a monk and devoting his life to religion o Joins an Augustan monastery 1507, ordained as a priest 1512, professor, teaching theology at Catholic University Obsession rule-following o Confessed way too much Had a mental breakdown over the thought that he would never be good enough 95 Theses 1517 o Indulgences Payment to lessen your time in Purgatory Saints has an abundance of grace, this excess would flow over into the entire Church The Church would dispense this excess in exchange for great donations for the Church The increase in indulgences in the 1500s The Papacy was renovating St. Peter’s Church; sincere religious belief that this luxury was in honor of G-d o Pope Leo X 1513-1521 Cut a deal with the Arch Bishop so he could hold 2 positions at once and so the Pope could pay for all of the renovation by selling indulgences o A formal Latin debate over indulgences o Published, then translated from Latin to German and mass printed without Luther’s knowledge The reformation is not about indulgences o There were a spark to inspire Luther to discuss his opinions more openly Leipzig Disputations 1519 o Public debate between Luther and Johan Eck, 1486-1541 Professor and great debater Challenges Luther to public debate o Eck spent more time disproving Luther Calls out the consequences of Luther’s thinking Led Luther to accept the more radical conclusions of his thinking o Causes Luther to be more of a threat June 1520, Papal threat Writing of 1520, in reaction to the Papal threat o Aug., To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation o Oct., On the Babylonian Captivity Attack of the sacramental system o Nov., On Christian Liberty Most detailed writing on Luther’s thinking and main thoughts Luther is excommunicated Diet of Worms 1521 o Luther is called in front of the emperor to explain his radical thinking and told to recant o When he doesn’t, he is labeled as an imperial outlaw Popularity o Diet of Worms was the first even that is similar to a media sensation due to the printing press Information about it spread quickly o 1518-1525, 1/3 of all the German books were Luther’s work o 1534, first complete version of German Bible was mass produced and was translated by Luther
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'