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J101 Week 3 Notes

by: Kelsey Fagan

J101 Week 3 Notes J101

Kelsey Fagan
GPA 3.58

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About this Document

Here are the notes for the third week of class and the notes for Module 4 from the online textbook.
Grammar for Communicat
Jasheway-Bryant L
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Fagan on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to J101 at University of Oregon taught by Jasheway-Bryant L in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Grammar for Communicat in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 04/13/16
Day 5 (4/11):  Group Activity  Practice writing sentences for the first quiz on Wednesday.  1. Each, everyone, and someone are always singular.  a. Each of the chef’s dishes was as good as the first.  2. The subject of a sentence is never found in a prepositional phrase, so don’t match the  verb to a noun located there.  a. Under the table, there are a cellphone and a box of Cheerios.  3. With fractions and fractional words such as “most” and “some” match the verb to what  those words modify.   a. Three­fourths of the room is empty.  4. Latin­based words ending in “a” are always plural.  a. Are the media treating the political parties equally?  5. The phrase “the number” is always singular.  a. The number of fingers on my hand is five.  6. The phrase “a number” is always plural.  a. A number of students forget to bring a pencil on quiz day.   7. Collective nouns are singular.  a. The union is meeting today at noon.   8. If you want to show the individual member of a collective group such as a committee,  family, or jury are doing something on their own, use “members”.  a. Four members of the family go on a vacation to Mexico every year.   9. A noun or pronoun in a nonessential phrase cannot be a subject, so don’t match the verb  to it.  a. Everyone except for my mother and three sisters is on the bus right now.  10. With nouns or pronouns joined by “or” or “nor,” match the verb to the closest subject.  a. He or she gives me a headache.  11. When someone is part of a group, match the verb to the group.  a. He is one of the dancers who practice every day.   12. When someone is the only one in a group doing something, match the verb to the  individual.  a. He is the only one of the dancers who practices every day.   13. Some nouns ending in “s” are singular.  a. Measles is a singular disease.   14. Units of measurement are considered singular, not plural.  a. 14 gallons of gas is enough to fill up my car.   15. Don’t think that the noun or pronoun closest to the verb is the subject; often the subject is  located much farther away.   a. Everyone except the cast and crew of Gilligan’s island arrives on set.   b. She gets up every morning despite being sleepy and walks to class.     Day 6 (4/13):  Quiz #1: Subject­Verb  Here are the questions from the quiz. Verunderlined. (They are in order for quiz version 1)  1. Ben & Jerry’s has created a new line of vegan ice creams.  2. He had never lain under a ladder before, and given the consequences, would not do it  again.  3. Each of the 18,000 fans in the football stadiscreams​ in unison.  4. The Union of Philosophy Students Who Play Ultimate Frisbee ​meets​ today at noon.  5. Are​ the media diligent enough about making sure that political candidates get equal air  time?  6. Liam, along with Suz, Rick, and Allen,scores better on the quiz that the professor  expected.   7. Juggling four classes during spring tercauses McKenzie to lose her job.   8. Nine­tenths of the oceanshows​ effects of plastic pollution.  9. Nine­tenths of the classrooms in Allen Halappear to be haunted.  10. The number of accidents caused by texting and using a cell phone while driviincreases  every year.   11. A number of people avoid getting smart phones for fear of becoming addicted or falling  in a manhole.  12. Fifty pounds of foois enough to feed a family of four for only a week.  13. Ellen Degeneres is one of those stand­up comedians whotry to do good deeds regularly.  14. Everyone except the dean and facultshows​ up at the ice cream social.  15. Voting without knowing much about the candidates has always been a problem.  16. Most of satire on late night television shgoes over my dad’s head.  17. Behind the sunorbi two satellites that were launched in the ‘70s.   18. The staffer or the candidapays the restaurant tab.  19. The candidate or the staffepay the restaurant tab.  20. Neither Samantha Bee nor Jon Stewart claims to have a journalism degree.  21. To write for both the New York Times and Mad Magazine ​is his dream.  22. Most thoughtful people who understand scienceagree that humans need to change their  behaviors to save the planet.   23. The woman’s collection of rotary dial phonesurpasses all others in terms of size and  variety.  24. Collecting old phonesi considered odd by some.  25. Because she’d accidently walked through skunk plants, shstank for days.  Module 4 Notes:  Personal Pronouns  ● The reason pronouns are used to replace nouns, is so that sentences aren’t too big and  clunky or boring.   ● Pronouns can be:  ○ A subject: ​She is an expert at driving the zamboni.  ○ An object: The zebra stood on ​him​ to see over the fence.  ○ Possessive: ​His grades improved after Stan got his eyebrows trimmed.   ● Personal pronouns:  ○ Nominative: act as the subject  ■ Examples: I, you, she, he, it, we, they, who  ○ Objective: act as objects  ■ Examples: me, you, her, him, it, us, them, whom  ○ Possessive: are used for possessive cases  ■ Examples: my/mine, your/yours, her/hers, his, its, our/ours, their/theirs,  whose  ○ In order to choose the right personal pronoun, you have to know what you’re  using it for.   ○ Rules to remember:  ■ Avoid starting a sentence with an objective pronoun.  ● Example: Her attempt to break the world record for hula­hooping  failed.  ■ Don’t put a pair of objective pronouns or an objective pronoun paired with  a noun at the beginning of a sentence.  ● Example: He and I debated global warming until daybreak.  ● If you’re starting a sentence, it doesn’t matter how many pronouns  you have­chances are the objective choice would be wrong.   ■ Never join a nominative pronoun (subject) with an objective pronoun  (object) with a conjunction (and, or, nor, but).  ■ The pronoun in a prepositional phrase are always either objective or  possessive; they cannot be nominative.  ● Example: The salesman said, “Between you and me, this car is a  lemon.”  ■ The pronouns in a nonessential phrase are always either objective or  possessive; they cannot be nominative.  ● Example: My cousins, except for Joanne and her, will be my  bridesmaids.  ■ When there are two possible possessive pronoun choices shown in the  pronoun list, use the first one when a noun follows immediately after the  pronoun. Use the second choice if there is no noun.   ● Example: You asked my opinion and I gave it to you.   ■ The pronoun that comes immediately before a gerund must be possessive,  not objective.  ● Example: Your drumming your fingers on the desk is more  annoying that you know.   ● Singular or Plural  ○ If you know the gender of the person you are writing about, use the gender  appropriate pronoun.  ■ If you don’t know the gender and are dealing with a singular pronoun:  ● Make everything plural  ● Use he or she, him or her, his or her  ● Avoid the pronoun altogether  ■ Remember never to refer to someone as an “it”.  ● Exception to this is when using collective nouns like team,  committee, company names.  ○ Example: The Nike spokesperson said its new mission is  under discussion.  ● We or Us?  ○ To make sure to pick the correct one, simply remove the noun and the right choice  will be very apparent.   ○ Example: I don’t believe we should have to work for less than minimum wage.   ● Who and Whom  ○ Who is nominative: if the word in question has its own verb  ■ Examples:  ● She is the girlwho​ got the Spongebob Squarepants tattoo on her  forehead.  ● The politician who​ took office last year has been caught tagging  City Hall.  ○ Whom is objective: if the word in question doesn’t have its own verb  ■ Examples:  ● She is the girlwhom ​neighbors accused of getting a Spongebob  Squarepants tattoo.  ● The politician,whom​  the police arrested for tagging City Hall, was  elected just last year.   ● Order of Pronouns  ○ There is only one hard­and­fast rule regarding the order in which you should list  pronouns:  ■ In order to be polite, always putIor me last.  ■ Example: John, the waitress, and ​ sat in the diner for hours discussing  baking techniques.  ■ For all other situations it doesn’t matter what order it is in.   ● Reflexive Pronouns  ○ Used when a pronoun is doing something to itself or to emphasize another noun  or pronoun in a sentence.   ■ Myself, yourself, yourselves, itself, himself, herself, themselves,  ourselves.   ■ Cannot be substitutes for objective pronouns.  ■ Examples:  ● I consider ​myself lucky to be alive after that run­in with the angry  bees.   ● Not having a date for Valentine’s day, she senthersel a giant box  of chocolates. 


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