PY 372- Week 13 Notes
PY 372- Week 13 Notes PY 372
Popular in PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/13/16
PY 372- Week 13 Notes Contrast effect: if we are exposed to a very attractive person, we begin to view others (and even ourselves) as less attractive. -Kenrick (1989): centerfold study Is PA all physical?? -can personality influence attraction? (physically) A: Yes after favorable description- like face more Matching Phenomenon: tendency to choose as partners those who are a match in terms of valued traits Rosy View- people find their own level of attractiveness attractive in others -corollary: people who are not particularly attractive find others who are not particularly attractive to be attractive **less rosy… people settle -corollary: people who aren’t particularly attractive would prefer attractive but end up settling. -rosy/less rosy settling? (Berscheid et. Al. 1971) It seems people want the most desirable (or attractive person) but are aware of reality constraints 1. Similarity Birds of a feather flock together Newcomb (1961)- housing study Phantom-other technique (more values shared= more liking) NO STRONG EVIDENCE for “opposites attract” idea WHY is similarity important in attraction?? -less conflict when viewpoints/personality/hobbies similar -validation is rewarding 2. Reciprocal Liking A bit more complex “we (dis)like those who (dis)like us” Aronson & Linder (1965) We really like those who we have won over We really dislike those who we’ve lost 3. Minor blunders that make you human Pratfall effect (go mess up) 4. A little uncertainty LOVE **Berscheid & Walster- 2 types of love Passionate Love a state of intense longing for someone & includes intense physical arousal, psychological interest and care for his or her needs Compassionate Love Affection people feel for those with whom their lives are deeply connected but do not necessarily experience passion/ arousal in their presence !!Levels of passionate/compassionate love change over time in romantic relationships !!People can mistake arousal for heightened passionate love -Where does the love go? Marriage & divorce o Over 50% of marriages end in divorce o Remarriage- higher divorce rate o Cohabitation- higher divorce rate Louis CK- happier when divorced gallup poll negates- married people indicate higher well being **Theories of Relationship Change -what keeps you/ makes you leave? >>intuitive answer= if happy, stay… if not, leave 1. Investment Model (Rusbult, 1983) a. Investment: anything you’ve put in that would be lost if you leave i. High investment, less likely to leave ii. Not enough to know satisfaction 2. Social Exchange Theory a. Economic decision making model b. People decide like consumer products (can I be more satisfied) c. Staying together: i. Satisfaction ii. Presence of attractive alternatives **Relationships can fit into 4 types: “I can do better” “I can’t do better” Satisfied Happy but Happy and stable unstable; will probably leave Not Satisfied Very likely to end Stay unhappy in relationship Some evidence: Marriage killing careers **careers that represent people with a lot of “attractive alternatives” tend to have higher divorce Top 3 1. Dancers 2. Bar Tenders 3. Masseuse 3.Behavioral Theory -people learn from their interaction with their partners whether or not they are in a good relationship -positive behaviors enhance evaluations of a relationship while negative behaviors reduce evaluations 4. Attachment Theory a. Bowlby (1960s) b. In infancy, people develop ideas about close relationships i. Secure attachment: reliable caregiver (good, dependable bond)- good with intimacy ii. Avoidant Attachment: unavailable caretakers (apathetic)- not wanting intimacy iii. Anxious/ Ambivalent: undependable, unpredictable caretaker- needy and uncertain c. Explain why some people tend to have same relationships over and over 5. Crisis Theory a. Focuses on reaction to stressful external events b. Hill (1949) The ABCx model i. A= negative thing (event) ii. B=resources for dealing with negative event iii. C= cognition iv. X= outcome WHY do people STAY in relatonships?? Equity theory o When rewards are proportional to investment Who we seek out How we assess satisfaction in current
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