Victimology Ch 14 Study Notes
Victimology Ch 14 Study Notes CCJ 3666
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Desjardins on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 3666 at Florida State University taught by Dr. William Doerner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Victimology in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University.
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Chapter 14 Study Notes Victimization at Work and School 1. According to the routine activities perspective, crime is more likely to occur when three things coincide. What are those three things? 1. A suitable target 2. A motivated offender 3. An absence of guardians 2. What does the term “workplace violence” cover? Violent acts including physical assaults and threats of assaults, directed towards persons at work or on duty. 3. What are some shortcomings to the term “workplace violence?” Fails to address issues of intimidation, harassment, bullying, or verbal aggression, doesn’t address whether the employee is a current or former worker, and there is no clear definition of what 'the workplace' is. 4. Explain the typology of workplace violence that appears in Table 14–1 of your textbook. 1. Criminal Intent 2. Customer/Client 3. Worker on Worker 4. Personal Relationship 5. Relying upon the information presented in Table 14–3 of your textbook, which occupations have a high likelihood of nonfatal workplace violence? Physicians, Technicians, and teaching either elementary, college, or special education. 6. What workplace characteristics are associated with a potentially hazardous work environment? 1. When the job puts workers in situations where there is a great deal of contact with the public 2. Isolation from supervision and or coworkers 3. Dealing with special populations 7. What types of things does the term “workplace bullying” include? Repeated, healthharming mistreatment of one or more persons (the targets) by one or more perpetrators that take one or more of the following forms... Verbal abuse, offensive conduct/behaviors (nonverbal included) which are threatening, humiliating, or intimidating, and work interferencesabotagewhich prevents work from getting done 8. What is the “general duty clause” contained in the Occupational Safety and Health Act? States each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees 9. How are the measures presented in Table 14–5 of your textbook intended to reduce occupational violence? Demonstrates the steps the employer and the employee needs to take to prevent workplace violence 10. What five key elements does Braverman focus on for preventing workplace violence? 1. The employer needs to establish clear policies and procedures to guide all elements of the work environment. 2. All members of the workplace need training in those policies and procedures. 3. The employer and the employees need access to medical and mental health expertise in order to assess/address potential problematic situations and individuals. 4. The employer needs to establish clear, commonsense policies and procedures for terminations and layoffs. 5. The employer needs to be able to identify signals for violence in order to take appropriate actions before the violence actually occurs. 11. What are five bases for making a claim of employer negligence in a thirdparty lawsuit? 1. Negligent Hiring 2. Negligent Retention 3. Negligent Supervision 4. Negligent Training 5. Negligent Security 12. Use the information contained in Table 14–7 of your textbook to determine whether lethal violence at school is a problem? Lethal violence at school is relatively rare 13. Use Table 14–9 of your textbook and identify the most common forms of bullying. Made fun of, called names/insulted, subject of rumors, pushed, shoved, tripped, or spit on, and cyberbullying 14. How pervasive is fear of crime among students? A common problem expressed by students. 3.7% of students fear attack at school, and 2.4% fear attack on the way to or from school 15. What kind of avoidance behaviors do students tend to invoke? Staying home from school, going hungry to avoid cafeterias, not using bathrooms, arrive late for class due to avoidance of certain halls, or refraining to take part in extracurricular activities. 16. How does fear of school victimization influence selfprotection behaviors? Students feel they can fight back and/or protect themselves by carrying weapons for protection 17. What findings emerge from the 2011 NCVS School Crime Supplement report? 5.5% of students avoid school, school activities, and/or specific places at school due to fear of attack or harm. 18. Use Table 14–11 of your textbook and discuss any three warning signs for potential violence in schools? 1. Has engaged in violent behavior in the past 2. Has tantrums and uncontrollable angry outbursts abnormal for someone that age 3. Reflects excessive anger in writing projects 19. What are some physical prevention responses to school victimization? Installing metal detectors at entrances, locking all but one door to outsiders, requiring everyone to wear ID badges, installing closed circuit TV monitors, and hiring guards for the halls and the building. 20. Discuss the Clery Act provisions that deal with college campus safety. Colleges/universities forward victimization statistics and other information to the U.S. Department of Education for tabulation 21. What three observations can you make about oncampus crime based on the information contained in Table 14–13 of your textbook? 1. Murder is the least occurring type of on campus violent crimes 2. Burglary is the highest occurring type 3. Public Schools 4 year or above are the most susceptible to murders 22. What are two ways in which sexual harassment differs from other forms of victimization? First, sexual harassment often does not involve an actual physical assault, and secondly, the criminal justice system rarely deals with sexual harassment infractions 23. What does the phrase “quid pro quo sexual harassment” mean? Translates to "this for that" When a person in authority demands sexual favors for employment decisions or expectations. 24. What does the phrase “hostile environment” mean in terms of sexual harassment? Displaying pictures of naked people at work, telling crude sexual jokes, touching a person, or commenting about how "sexy" a person looks in certain clothing. victim is made to feel uncomfortable. 25. Explain the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission definition of sexual harassment that appears in Table 14–15 of your textbook. "Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment, submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individual, or that such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individuals work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment." 26. How extensive is sexual harassment? Sexual Harassment is extensive, and rarely documented