SPAU/CLDP 3305: WEEK of 4-11 Notes
SPAU/CLDP 3305: WEEK of 4-11 Notes spau 3305
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kimberly Notetaker on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to spau 3305 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by E. Touchstone in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 04/13/16
ASSESSMENT Overview: In order to assess a child’s reading and written language abilities, there are certain factors that an educator NEEDS TO KNOW. Types of testing to consider: o Language o Phonological processing abilities o Reading fluency and comprehension o Narrative language o Writing abilities (fine motor skills) o Written language NTK: Letter Knowledge - Is this a letter? (test using letter/symbol array) - Is this a capital letter? - Is this a consonant or a vowel? Letter-Sound Awareness - View grapheme, say letter, produce phoneme - Isolation of sounds in words o Positions o Initial o Final o Medial Decoding - Sound out words - Sound out nonsense words – rules should still apply Accuracy - Identify numbers of errors in print. Compare to national norms. (what is the % of accuracy?) Rate - Record reading speed and compare to national norms. Fluency - Combine scores for accuracy and rate. Compare to national norms. Comprehension Interpretation of the words that have been read aloud. Difference in comprehension between silent and oral reading… Language Measures-Basic Preschool Language Scale (PLS-5) » Auditory Comprehension » Expressive Communication Language Measures-Detailed Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals o Preschool and Elementary school versions o Core language o Receptive language o Expressive language o Language content o Language structure o Working memory (elementary only) Pre-Reading Measures Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing (CTOPP) Phonological Awareness Test (PAT) Different approaches investigating similar skill sets Reading Measures Gray Oral Reading Tests (GORT-5) » Accuracy » Rate » Fluency » Comprehension Narrative Language Measures Test of Narrative Language Investigates comprehension of language structures – comprehending and formulating structured narratives. Test of Written Language (TOWL-4) Narrative language in written form » Vocabulary » Spelling » Punctuation » Language… » Sentence combining » Compositions Writing Skills o Dysgraphia – fine motor disorder that affects handwriting and manual manipulation abilities » Often occurs with dyslexia o Testing: Wide Range Assessment of Visual Motor Abilities (WRAVMA) Design Copying Visual Spatial Matching Pegboard Tasks In An Ideal World (Yeah, right) Language early Language later Pre-reading Reading Narrative language Written language Measure of cognition Measure of achievement INSTRUCTION Use the “Invitation Approach Who? » Age, grade, gender, individual differences What? » What are your goals? When? » Frequency, time of year Where? » School, home, indoors, outdoors, etc. Why? » Why is the work you are doing important? How? » How will you track progress? GOAL: Letter Knowledge - Discriminate between letter or other symbol Letter-Sound Awareness - View grapheme, say letter, produce phoneme - Isolation of sounds in words o Positions o Initial o Final o Medial Decoding - Sound out words - Sound out nonsense words – rules should still apply Accuracy - Identify numbers of errors in print. Compare to national norms. (what is the % of accuracy?) Rate - Record reading speed and compare to national norms. Fluency (practice improves fluency) - Combine scores for accuracy and rate. Compare to national norms. Create Activities Letter Knowledge (preschool) Letter-Sound Awareness (preschool) PICK ONE: - Decoding (age 6) - Accuracy (age 8) - Rate (age 8) Comprehension Improve comprehension: Refer to language testing – identify strengths and weaknesses Address language differences - Especially semantics - Also phonology, morphology, syntax Improve fluency Practice Written Expression Pencil grasp Practice with non-word forms Letter knowledge-grapheme and phoneme Single word proficiency Start with minimal pairs and build patterns » words that vary by only a single sound (cat, bat, rat, etc) Sentence construction (play with color) Free writing: Allow spelling errors until patterns are fully learned Repair spelling categories: Apel’s 5 Blocks » Phonemic Awareness » Orthographic Pattern Awareness » Mental Graphemic Representation (MGR’s) » Morphological Awareness » Semantic Awareness Integrate the components of written language Content o Semantics-lexicon (wordstock) Organization o Shape writing o Temporal information; transition words o Syntax Mechanics (the monitoring phase) *done last! o Spelling o Punctuation o Capitalization
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