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Early US History Notes

by: Victoria Notetaker

Early US History Notes Hi 1063

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > History > Hi 1063 > Early US History Notes
Victoria Notetaker
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Lecture 26 notes for Early US History for The War Between the States
Early US History
Alan Harrelson
Class Notes
Early US History, notes, history




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hi 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Alan Harrelson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 04/13/16
The War Between the States “Part Two” Lecture 26 1862 • Richmond a focal point in the Eastern theatre: major battles include the Peninsular Campaign, Second Manassas, Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign, and Fredericksburg. • Vicksburg, Nashville, New Orleans, and Chattanooga: primary Union targets in the Western theatre. Major battles include Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Nashville, and several MS River engagements. • Lee took command of he Army of Northern Virginia in June, and invaded the United States in September, culminating in the Battle of Sharpsburg, Maryland. Intended to help the South gain foreign recognition. • Lincoln ponders the idea of an emancipation proclamation, not out of a sense of morality, but as a diplomatic ploy to prevent British recognition of the Confederacy. • Jackson and Lee form the most effective military team in American history. Lincoln cannot find anyone to out-general the Confederacy. • On the home-front, the Confederate government asks planters and farmers to grow less cotton, more foodstuffs. Lincoln’s “Anaconda Plan” becoming a nuisance. • Lincoln signed into law the Homestead Act, the Morrill Land-Grant College Act, and created the United States Department of Agriculture, legislation Southern delegates had traditionally opposed before the war. 1863 • The year of the big battles: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, and Vicksburg. • January, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that slaves located within the “rebellion states” are free. Interestingly, Lincoln had no authority to legislate for the Confederacy. The Proclamation did not apply to the United States. • The Proclamation modified the meaning of the war, especially in the British mind. Northern Democrats were outraged. No great outcry for emancipation among troops. Again, it was a diplomatic ploy. • May 10, Jackson died. • Davis ordered the first military draft in American history. Southern troops dying faster than they can replaced, the number on killer being disease and infection as a result of battle wounds. • First half of the year in favor of the South. Second half in the Union started to gain the upper hand. The Confederacy quickly ran low on food, war supplies, and money. The United States continued to bolster its manpower, and could supply its armies sufficiently with Northern farm produce. 1864 • The Confederacy still hoping for foreign recognition. • Lincoln up for reelection. George McClellan ran against him on the Democratic ticket, using a peace platform. • Davis hoped the Democrats would defeat Lincoln in the election, and place a president in office who would negotiate a peace settlement with the Confederacy. It did not happen. • The Siege of Petersburg began in June. (Battle of the Crater). Trench warfare (a precursor to the trenches of World War I). • Nathan Bedford Forrest on the rampage against Union supply trains and federal cavalry in the West. • Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart died, Battle of Yellow Tavern. Wade Hampton assumed command of Lee’s cavalry corps. Longstreet seriously wounded during the Wilderness campaign in early May. Main point: the South’s best generals are dying off. • By the end of the year, the Confederacy is on the brink of collapse due to poor provisions, dwindling manpower, as well as food and ammunition shortages. • Sherman’s “March to the Sea.” Grant given command of all U.S. forces. 1865 • Lee asked Davis and the Confederate Congress to consider arming slaves. This happened in March, but it was too little, too late. • Lee given command of all Confederate forces. • Lee asked Davis to evacuate Richmond in late March, and later surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9. • The Confederate government on the run. Lincoln shot at Ford’s Theatre a few days after Lee’s surrender. • Northerners think Davis and the Confederate government motivated the assassination, and order federal cavalry to chase and capture Davis, who was travelling South through South Carolina and Georgia. • Davis held his final cabinet meeting at Abbeville, South Carolina in early May, and there listened to his cabinet members tell him the war is over. Davis did no accept, and tried to continue the war in the West. Federal cavalry captured him at Irwinville, Georgia on May 11, put him in jail where he stayed for two years. The Meaning of the War • The war impacts the North as well as the South


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