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Date Created: 04/14/16
Chapter 12 - KEYWORDS business Organizations typically composed of area business owners and property owners who improvement voluntarily come together and agree to impose special tax assessments on themselves districts CAPS Chicago alternative police strategy- program that includes assigning officers to permanent neighborhood beats, he involvement of residents in the identification of problems and potential solutions, and reliance on other agencies to address identified issues civil abatement The use of civil codes to attack crime problems; most notable is the involvement of landlords, citizens, health departments, zoning boards, and city/county attorneys in addressing drug problems community A new philosophy of policing rather than a clearly definable method; generally policing includes community involvement, problem solving, community base, and redefined goals for the police Operation Partnership in Boston to address gun violence, particularly among juveniles and gang Ceasefire members order Police functions that do not deal with an immediate criminal action maintenance problem solving Deals with crime by identifying the underlying causes and contributors to crime and seeking out solutions to those problems Project Safe That focuses primarily on reducing firearms violence through partnerships, strategic Neighborhoods plans, training, outreach, and accountability pulling levers Strict enforcement policy for all groups and individuals involved directly or indirectly in a crime problem SACSI Strategic approaches to community safety initiative- attempts to build a partnership consisting mainly of other criminal justice agencies to attack crime problems SARA Scanning, analysis, response, and assessment Weed and Seed A federally sponsored project initiated in 1991 to revitalize communities through “wedding” out existing problems and “seeding” areas with programs and initiatives that inhibit the return of the problems Chapter 13 - KEYWORDS ADAM program Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring- a means of ascertaining the extent of drug use by arrested subjects; arrestees voluntarily agree to be interviewed and give a urine sample for testing D.A.R.E. Drug Abuse Resistance Education- in-school program taught by law enforcement officers, emphasizing resistance skills training detoxification The use of drugs in an effort to remove an individual from an addiction to another illicit drug methadone Outpatient programs that involve the provision of methadone to heroin/opiate addicts maintenance Monitoring the Annual survey of representative high school students, college students, and young adults; the most Future important set of info deals with the level and type of drug use National Survey on Measures drug use by a representative sample of U.S. respondents age 12 and older Drug Use and Health National Youth An outgoing, longitudinal panel study of youths; collects info on delinquency, drug use, and Survey demographic factors psychopharmacolo Explanation suggesting that various drugs have a direct impact on the user, both physically and gical psychologically, which impels the individual to act in a way that society deems unacceptable reciprocal Means that criminal activity leads to drug use and drug use leads to criminal activity resistance skills A set of ideas that address recognizing problematic situations and issues, dealing with peer pressure, training recognizing pressure from media presentation, knowing proper responses to temptations, building self- esteem and assertiveness, and knowing how and when to take a stand spurious Means that neither factor is the ultimate cause of the other; rather, both are caused by either the same common factors or by different factors systemic violence Refers to violence resulting from competition between drug dealers, retaliation for poor drug quality or high prices, robbery of drug dealers or users, and other factors related to the drug trade therapeutic Residential communities that emphasize providing a supportive, highly structured atmosphere within communities which individuals can be helped to alter their personality and develop social relationships conductive to conforming behavior; operate as surrogate families for clients Chapter 13 - QUESTIONS What is the most MTF well-known drug survey? Monitoring the Future data Alcohol indicates the use of what drug is most prevalent? National Survey on Merry jane Drug Use and Health indicates the use of what illicit drug is most prevalent? What is ADAM? Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring- a means of ascertaining the extent of drug use by arrested subjects; arrestees voluntarily agree to be interviewed and give a urine sample for testing What is the Spurious relationship between drug use and crime? The police crackdown in the Alphabet City area of New York found: What are the main Maintenance, Therapeutic communities, outpatient, detoxification categories of drug treatment programs? What is a Residential communities that emphasize providing a supportive, highly structured atmosphere Therapeutic within which individuals can be helped to alter their personality and develop social relationships Community? conductive to conforming behavior; operate as surrogate families for clients What impact does Mixed results most Reduced drugs use Education/Informa tion/Knowledge Programs have on drug use? What is the best “Just Say No” and D.A.R.E. example of a resistance skills training program? What is The use of drugs in an effort to remove an individual from an addiction to another illicit drug detoxification?
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