Week 10 of notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nia Gibson on Thursday April 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 349 at Syracuse University taught by C. DeCorse in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
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Date Created: 04/14/16
ANT 349 Fantastic Archaeology Movies and TV Documentaries Biblical Archaeology: Archaeology focusing on places and events referred to in the Bible Origins of Archaeology Early exploration: Lost civilizations unmentioned in classical writings Focus on spectacular sculptures, and artifacts Austen Henry Layard Excavations 18451847 The Monuments of Nineveh (1849) Household Celebrity Looting the Past: Layard: At one site quickly dug two miles of basreliefs and cleared 70 rooms Modern Archaeology: The “Fertile Crescent” Change from food collecting to food production Early Agricultural States Complex bureaucracy to control agricultural surpluses. Uruk Period 5600/4800 BP: Administrative centers Craft specialization Architecture Uruk First City 5600 BP Defines “Uruk” Period Writing: Pictographic writing 3000 BC Evolution of cuneiform c. 1900 BC Clay tablets Economic/ administrative records Biblical Archaeology Sites know from Bible and classical writings Peoples, Places, and States: Egypt and the Pharaohs Pilgrimages to holy sites Trade in relics: pieces of the cross, grails, shrouds, remains of saints Antiquarian Beginnings Early attempts to identify Biblical sites Sites not looted like Greek and Roman sites, or Ancient sites Bible is a religious text Some sites and events unverified Ziggurat not the Tower of Babel No evidence (geological, archaeological) for a world wide flood Julius Wellhausen (18441918) Challenged historicity of parts of the Bible Documentary hypothesis: accepted by most theologians Archaeological Work: No spectacular monuments Crimean War (18541856) draws attention to neglected Biblical sites Late 19th century work Early Archaeological Work Excavations in Jerusalem 1851 LouisFelicien de Saucy tombs from the “time of King David” Fanciful Actual date 1000 years later Edward Robinson 17941863 Andover Theological Seminary, Massachusetts Starts work 1838 Jerusalem: Traces of King Herod’s Temple
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