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CDAE 002: Week 11

by: Molly Skrable

CDAE 002: Week 11 CDAE 002

Molly Skrable

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About this Document

These notes cover migration.
World Food, Population and Development
Dr. Shoshanah Inwood
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Skrable on Thursday April 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CDAE 002 at University of Vermont taught by Dr. Shoshanah Inwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World Food, Population and Development in Human Development at University of Vermont.


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Date Created: 04/14/16
World, Food, Population, and Sustainable Development Week 11 Migration In the 1990s more than 30% of the US population growth was due to immigration What are the push and pull factors? PUSH PULL Economic Lack of: employment, food, Hope for better shelter employments Low standard of living More money Natural Disaster More food Social Lack of heath care and Encouragement from friends educational opportunity and family Lack of religious tolerance Better health care opportunity Religious tolerance Political Unfair legal system Gain protection under the Disenfranchisement law Right to vote Voluntary and Involuntary Migration - NAFTA o Created January 1, 1994 o World’s largest free trade area (Canada, Mexico, USA) § 450 million people § $1 trillion worth of goods and services o Employment Impacts § A couple years once NAFTA was created, manufacturing decreased • People laid off • Spike in migrant workers to the US - VT Migrants o 91% from Mexico § 49% from Chiapas - Rebellion in Chiapas o Began January 1, 1994 (same day as creation of NAFTA) § Zapatistas declared their revolt o Debt Crisis began in Chiapas (austerity budget) § Removal of fertilizer subsidy § Removal of coffee price supports for farmers § Selling of land • Ranchers needed to expand cattle production to export beef to the US o Zapatistas wouldn’t accept these terms § International Solidarity Movement • New form of self government • Changing role of women in indigenous community - US Immigration Policy o US-Mexican Border Force § The US has spent millions on it, is it worth it? § How much does it slow down undocumented immigrants? o Remittances § Transfers in cash from migrants to resident households in country of origin, ongoing between same family § Extremely important sources of income to developing countries § Have grown rapidly in recent years § Have helped reduce poverty in many less developed countries o UVM Huertas project § Community based food access project that facilitates planting of kitchen gardens on rural dairy farms in VT with Latino/a migrant workers Involuntary Migration - Syrian Refugee Flood o IDP- internally displaced persons § People are unable to live in their homes and communities because of war o Why are these people risking their lives to leave? § Kidnapping and bombings in daughters school § Everyday people were killed § Houses destroyed, had to live on the streets § Harassment by forces in the university o What is it like to live in the refugee camps? § No clothes except the ones on their backs § Ration every 15 days § “Human Warehouse” o Trying to get to Europe § Often encountered violence at borders, can’t come in • Not providing humanitarian aid o 2 contributing factors to the refugee flood § Web of wars and crisis forcing millions from homes in the Middle-East and Sub-Saharian Africa § Anti-refugee politics in western and wealthy countries the best able to take in refugees • Insecure and fearful • Have the capacity but seal the border o Economic and Social Benefits to taking in refugees § Makes money for the US § Migrant families are often the hardest working o Partners in Health § 5 principles • Access to primal health care • Free health care and education for the poor • Community partnerships • Addressing basic social and economic needs (fighting poverty) • Serving the poor through the public sector


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