HY 104 lecture notes 3/10-4/10
HY 104 lecture notes 3/10-4/10 HY 104
Popular in American Civilization Since 1865
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Conner Jones on Thursday April 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Bart Elmore in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see American Civilization Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for HY 104 lecture notes 3/10-4/10
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/14/16
HY 104 lecture notes 3/10-4/10 Harry S. Truman becomes president, April 1945 Battle of Okinawa (April-June 1945) – series of battles fought in the Ryukyu Islands, centered on the island of Okinawa; 50,000 casualties, made Truman think twice about fighting the Japanese on land; made Truman think about using atomic bombs 60,000 people dead after first bomb dropped on Hiroshima another 40,000k people dead after second bomb dropped on Nagasaki fear of communism on the rise (1946-54) USSR and US relations sour as Cold War begins Truman doctrine and policy of containment – US gets involved in the world to make sure communism doesn’t spread to other places USSR successfully tests atomic bomb (1949) The fall of china: Mao Tse Tung (Zedong comes to power in 1949) North Korea invades south Korea (beginning of Korean War) o Douglas MacArthur commands the UN forces in Korea Fear of communism shapes politics at home Election of 1948 o Truman’s fair deal – expand public housing, social security, social security, etc. o Dixiecrats platform – democrats that segregated from democratic party in 1948, called for “complete segregation of races” House Un-American activities committee (HUAC) – a committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, investigated allegations of communist activity in the U.S. during the early years of the Cold War Rise of McCarthyism – campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions carried out under Senator Joseph McCarthy. Many of the accused did not in fact belong to the Communist Party We like Ike: election of 1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated Richard Nixon, VP candidate in 1952 America in the 1950’s The affluent society: some big statistics o Baby Boomers: 97% of women were taking marriage vows between age of 19 and 30 o Gross National Product (GNP) more than doubles in the 50’s o Credit cards – first credit card was called the Diner’s Club card, came out in 1950; first card that could be used at multiple retailer stores o The affluent society – conditions in the US immediately after World War 2 with the economy booming and the rise in purchasing power for the middle class. Automobile culture in the 1950’s o 7 million cars roll off the lot in 1955 o 80% of American families will have a car by the end of the 50’s federal highway act of 1956 – cost 25 Billion dollars to build 40,000 miles of highway suburbia: term for the movement of people out to the suburbs due to the highways systems and home loans guaranteed by the government (federal housing authority loans, FHA) during the 1950’s GI Bill – A law passed in 1944 that provided education and other benefits for people who had served in the armed forces in WW2 Women in the 1950’s: women, including white middle class women, are suffering from sexism during the 50’s o During the war women represented about 25% of workers at Ford Motor company, by the end of the 50’s women represented only 6% Youth rebellion against conservative culture Rock ‘n’ Roll like Elvis Presley The beat generation – writers like Jack Kerouac that wrote about sex and drugs that went against popular conservative beliefs at the time Eisenhower reelected in 1956 and the Cold War continues Sputnik 2 – soviets satellite launched into space in 1957 that carried a dog named Laika National defense education act of 1958 and NASA The modern civil rights movement from Sit-Ins to Selma Desegregating public spaces Greensboro Sit in movement and the SNCC (1960) – black students go to a Woolworth store in North Carolina on Feb. 1 1960 and asked to be served where only whites were supposed to be served. Come back and over time hundreds of black students join them in sitting in at the lunch counters. Closed down business instead of integrating. Not until July of 1960 that the Woolworth store finally integrates. SCLC (Southern Christian leadership conference) – founded by adults, clergyman like MLK, a civil rights organization that played a major role in the civil rights movement Ella Baker cofounds the student nonviolent coordinating committee (SNCC) so that the students have a voice in the civil rights movement The Freedom Ride of 1961 – black and white students that left Washington, D.C., on two public buses bound for the Deep South. They intended to test the Supreme Court's ruling in Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional o Bombed in Aniston, Alabama on may 14, 1961 o John Lewis and Jim Zwerg (left college to join freedom ride) were attacked in Birmingham during the Freedom Rides Pro-segregationist resistance continues Project C or project confrontation which said that they were going to confront the law enforcement in Birmingham in hopes that police would turn violent to show the world how corrupt the deep south was. A lot of mixed feelings about this. o Around 2,500 people jailed due to this project, 2,000 of which were children Wallace’s stand at the schoolhouse door – governor of Alabama, George Wallace, made a speech at foster auditorium at the university of Alabama in June 1963 Vivian Malone becomes first black student to graduate from the University of Alabama James Hood also enrolls at UA but leaves after bullying from whites, comes back later and gets his PHD here at UA The march on Washington for jobs and freedom (August 28 , 1963) – political rally in Washington DC where MLK gave his “I have a dream” speech. Selma marches to Montgomery (March 7-25 1965) – MLK leads thousands of marchers from from Selma to Montgomery (54 miles, takes 5 days) where people were campaigning for voting rights. Kennedy, Johnson, and the Great Society in the 1960’s The Election of 1960 JFK was democratic nominee; Richard Nixon was republican nominee; JFK narrowly wins First televised national debate between Nixon and JFK in September 1960, 44% of nation is watching The Kennedy administration (1961-1963) Containing communism: the space race and Cuba o Space Race – Yuri Gagarin (Russia) goes into space and orbits the planet; US becomes competitive and promises to put a man on the moon before the 1960’s is over. Ends up succeeding in 1969 The Cuban missile crisis (October 1962) – Cuba has prepared Medium Range Ballistic Missiles (MRBM) and it begins a confrontation between the Soviet Union and the US over the presence of these missiles. Promoting freedom at home: Kennedy and civil rights Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963 Lyndon Baines Johnson becomes president after assassination of JFK LBJ and civil rights: the civil rights act of 1964 – withheld federal funds from segregated events; outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin Election of 1964 Republican nominee Barry Goldwater, democratic nominee LBJ The Daisy commercial – suggests that if Barry Goldwater becomes president there will be an atomic war, gets removed very fast because it is so ridiculous Johnson’s administration Voting rights act of 1965 – eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people The great society – fight to end poverty, domestic program in the administration of LBJ that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs such as Medicare (elderly), Medicaid (poor), food stamps, Headstart education program (financial support for poor kids education) Nixon, Watergate and the crisis of confidence Election of 1968 – Republican nominee, former Vice President Richard Nixon, won the election over the Democratic nominee, incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey; George Wallace ran as an independent and got 5 southern states Vietnamization – giving over the war to Vietnamese fighters; let our boys come home. Support the Vietnamese, but let them fight Silent majority – term used by President Richard Nixon to indicate his belief that the great body of Americans supported his policies about the involvement in the Korean War Kent state university shootings – (1970) unarmed students demonstrating against United States involvement in the Vietnam War were fired on by panicky troops of the National Guard. Four students were killed and nine wounded Richard Nixon’s domestic policies Expansion of social welfare programs o COLA – cost of living adjustment; expanded social security benefits and food stamp program Environmental protection o Rachel Carson wrote Silent Spring to make awareness about how dirty we were making the springs; devoted to defending the natural world against pollution. Her best-known book is Silent Spring, concerning the overuse of pesticides and weed killers and how it was polluting springs o Cuyahoga river – river in Cleveland Ohio that caught on fire due to the extreme amount of pollution (fossil fuels) in it o EPA (environmental protection agency) – created in 1970, protects human and environmental health o Clean air act – (1970) limited what humans were allowed to release into the air through emissions o Clean water act – (1972) limited what humans were allowed to release into the water Election of 1972 Committee to re-elect the president (CREEP) – Nixon’s campaign to get re-elected in 1972; runs against George McGovern (radical democrat) Watergate scandal (1972) – scandal that involved the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'