HIST 3460 4/13 class notes
HIST 3460 4/13 class notes History 3460
Popular in Medieval and Renaissance Italy
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elaina Rampolla on Thursday April 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 3460 at University of Connecticut taught by Professor Gouwens in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Medieval and Renaissance Italy in History at University of Connecticut.
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Date Created: 04/14/16
High Renaissance in Rome: a Cultural Synthesis Florence is the intellectual center By 1500 Rome is surpassing it Ancient monuments overshadow more modern structures In antiquity, Rome was drained by aqueducts o Malaria infested bogs o Not the best agro fields Big urban centers in the 15 century were mostly in Italy Rome has a weak central government In Rome the population went from 50k-32k By 1560 over 100k people living in Rome th Rome population fluctuates a lot but by 16 century a country run by clerics also male dominated country Very much ecclesiastically dominated Issue of rival popes tearing apart the country/land/people By 1419 the church is very weak after the pope issues have died down After 1419 the papacy starts coming back By mid century we get a renaissance in papacy St. peter is seen as the first pope Pius UU bulldozed his home town to rebuild a beautiful town devoted to antiquity In 1464 he dies and Sixtus IV comes into power Sixtus IV Involved in plotting the assassination of the Medici way back when Popes have a big issue of having to consolidate power after much of it has been given away th Term: Papal States territories popes ruled over in the 13 century. A lot of the land was in central Italy Huss has the idea that people should receive the body and the blood of Christ in mass. Blood was reserved for the clergy Rome was able to centralize power which was a huge accomplishment The church was the top landowner The papal income was based on: o Revenue from the land o Taxes o Selling church offices As Rome gets built up as a center of power, Sixtus had a fresco painted about his life. It mirrored frescos painted for saints, and areas were left blank to be filled in later In 1527 around 30 cardinals lived in Rome 150 people lived in dwellings with a pope it mirrored a court where servants, cooks, humanists, poets, artists, etc. all lived together Pope Julious II Most historians agree under Julius II that there is more cultural development The pope prior, Alexander VI was not a good person o Well known for many love affairs o Patron of the arts Brought Spanish artists into the city Known for overindulgences (mostly sexual) Poisoned (allegedly) a lot of people Historians believe Alexander was poisoned by his own poison at a party (he intended to poison the guests but there was a mix up) Alexander’s corpse was swollen and black It couldn’t fit into the coffin so they put his body in a rolled up carpet and shoved him into the coffin Julius hated Alexander IV o Well documented he bought the Papacy when Alexander died Papacy goes to war against Venice for economic reasons He re-conquers Bologna for the papacy Becomes known as the warrior pope Culturally he made Rome a magnet o Gets Raphael and Michelangelo to Rome Brings in many roman humanists Renaissance Rome pope is the holy leader and also in charge of the ancient empire Julius is compared to Moses and Caesar Leo X is the next pope In 1516 Charles V becomes the king of Spain In 1519 he gets elected as “Holy Emperor” Politics are going to become far more difficult Rumored Leo X (who is a Medici pope) was poisoned by the French He dies suddenly He is followed by Adrian VI, who was a safe candidate However, he was not well liked and people hated him before he even started He was old so he died a year later of natural causes