Geology Notes April 14th
Geology Notes April 14th GEO 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carter Cox on Thursday April 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEO 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Keene in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Dynamic Earth in Geology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/14/16
Geology Notes April 14 Hydrologic Circle - Circulation of Earths water supply Tributaries - Side channels that flow into the main channel of a stream Drainage Network - A group of interconnecting stream that form patterns reflecting the underlying geology Dendritic - Drainage network pattern that looks like a branching tree formed due to uniform underlying geology and slope Water Shed - Land area contributing water to a stream Divide - Imaginary line separating one basin from another Continental Divides - Water flowing down either side of this divide will flow to different oceans Permanent Stream - Stream that flows all year long because it is always at or below the water table Ephemeral Stream - Stream that does not flow all year because it is above the water table; dry climate Turbulence - Twisting, swirling motion Discharge - Volume/ time (gallons/ minute) in one section Sediment Load - Total volume of sediment carried Competence - Maximum particle size a stream can carry Capacity - Total quantity of sediment a stream can carry, depends on competence and discharge Deposition - Decrease in velocity that causes sediment to dump out of the water Base Level - Lowest elevation a stream can reach Floodplain - An area next to a stream that regularly gets flooded Recurrence Interval - Average number of year between floods of the same size Annual Probability - The likelihood that a flood of a given size will happen at a specific location during any given time
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