MGMT 300 WEEK 1 LESSON 1 NOTES
MGMT 300 WEEK 1 LESSON 1 NOTES MGMT 300
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Patrick Ren on Thursday April 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MGMT 300 at University of Washington taught by STAFF in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Leadership and Organizational Behavior in Business at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 04/14/16
30/3 Goals: How to use textbook Organizational theory Research Organizational Behaviour Field of study that is devoted to understanding people in organizations and ultimately improving the attitudes and behaviours of individuals and groups in organisations o Real world applications Two primary outcomes o Job Performance and Organizational Commitment Factors that affected the role of theory Correlations Rule of one eighth Half of the organization won't believe there is a connection between managing people and profits And half of those who do see the connection will try to make a SINGLE change rather than recognize its a process rather than a singular solution And of those that do understand, only half of those persist with their practices long enough to see economic benefit Research Experience o People hold firmly to a belief because it is consistent with their own experience and observations Intuition o People hold firmly to some belief because it “just stands to reason” - seems obvious Authority o People hold some belief because someone in a position of authority says it is so Science o People accept some belief because scientific studies have tended to replicate that result using a series of samples, settings and methods The field of OB seeks to replace intuitive explanations with systematic study The scientific method 1. Theory 1. Specifies how and why variables are related and the conditions in which they should and shouldn't be related 2. Hypothesis 3. Data 1. Correlation, designated by r, describes the relationship between two variables 1. 0 (no relationship) to 1 (perfect relationship) 2. 0.5 considered strong in OB research 3. 0.3 considered moderate 4. 0.1 considered weak, but shouldn't necessarily be discounted (e.g. If they predict behavior such as theft or ethical violations) 2. Causal inferences - establishing that one variable really does cause another 1. Two variables are correlated 2. Presumed cause precedes the presumed effect in time 3. No other explanation accounts for this correlation 3. Meta-analysis 1. Using past results to create some sort of average correlation across all of the studies 2. Can form the foundation for evidence based management 4. Verification OB assessments Two foundations to any assessments o Valid and reliable If survey items are reliable, then similar items will yield similar results If survey items are valid, then experts will agree that the items seem appropriate Locus of control The extent to which individuals believe they can control events affecting them o A person's locus is conceptual used as either Internal - a person believes they can control their life External - a person believes their life is determined by external events OB research methods - quantitative Data sets are either found or generated and statistical analyses are conducted to determine patterns among variables Examples o Lab studies o Surveys o Archival research o Meta analyses Pros o Able to establish causation Cons o Difficult to apply generally so maybe it is less convincing OB methods - qualitative Researchers observe organizations Examples: o Case studies o Field studies/interviews o Participant observation Pros: practical relevance for managers, easily applied and discussed Cons: can be less generalizable, difficult to determine causality, potential for bias
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