Music Appreciation week 2
Music Appreciation week 2
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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Casey Pond on Wednesday April 9, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 119 views.
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Date Created: 04/09/14
Baroque 4914 330 PM Bach amp Handel The Oratorio Orchestra and Voices feature a religious feature written in the native language for the intended audience mostly performed in English No acting scenery costume props Opera orchestra and Voices in Italian with acting scenery costumes and props Based on GreekRoman mythology or history Cantata smaller version of an Ortatorio Protestant Bach The Baroque Era 16001750 1600 the Birth of Opera 1750 Death of JS Bach The Term Baroque From Portuguese barroco a rough or imperfect pear Style seen by some as being grotesque irregular and overly embellished II Music in the Baroque Era An important historical moment for music 0 The Common Practice Era 1 Introduction of tonality set of expectations we have for music 2 Major sounds happy 2 Minor darker sounds sad 2 Rise of homophonic texture leader w backup 3 Greater use of musical instruments 4 More complex harmony more than one pitch happening at the same time 5 Sometimes characterized as the age of Basso Con nuo A baroque music ensemble containing 0 1 chordal instrument eg harpsichord o 1 bass melody instrument eg cello Foundation of many Baroque works either alone or as part of a larger ensemble Opera A play or dramatic presentation set to music Like a play Opera has 0 Plot tragedy or comedy 0 Actors 0 A staged presentation costumes props scenery Unlike a play in Opera 0 All the text is sung generally 0 Actors are also opera singers The invention of Opera 0 Invented ca 1600 in Florence 0 Objective to recover expressive power of ancient Greek music Deliberate move away from polyphony to homophony to better express emotion 0 Synthesis of the arts Baroque Opera Characteristics Secular plot Performed ONLY during Carnival season before lent not LENT Venue theaters or opera houses Audience aristocracy mostly Length 24 hours Staged drama The Ingredients of Opera Has any movements a self contained section within a larger musical work Recitative singing that sounds more like a dialogue then a song 0 For dialogue action moving the plot along Aria a song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment generally expressing intense emotion George Frideric Handel 18651759 Born in Germany Trained in Italy Lived last 50 years of his life in London Internationally famous during his lifetime Best known for his 0 Operas Italian 0 Oratorios English Giulio Cesare o 3 acts 0 1724 o Librettist Nicola Haym Librettist writes the words to opera 0 Mostly fictional make Cesare much younger in Opera 0 Recitative E pur cosi De capo aria from the head 2 A type of aria that is organized in three parts A B A A repetition of the first section with elaborations often improvised Handel39s Messiah 1742 Premiered in Dublin Of Handel39s 20 Oratorios only one depicting New Testament stories 1 Christmas Story 2 Easter Story 3 Redemption of the World through Faith Aria Rejoice greatly from Messiah 1742 From Part I Christmas Section Form de capo aria For Soprano soloist and orchestra
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