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Chapter 4 Notes Infants

by: sumreen Notetaker

Chapter 4 Notes Infants DEP 3115

Marketplace > Florida International University > DEP 3115 > Chapter 4 Notes Infants
sumreen Notetaker
GPA 3.1
Development in Infancy
Bethany Reed Sutherland

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Development in Infancy
Bethany Reed Sutherland
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by sumreen Notetaker on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to DEP 3115 at Florida International University taught by Bethany Reed Sutherland in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views.

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Date Created: 02/10/15
Chapter 4 Notes Birth Oxytocin causes contractions of the uterus to induce labor Pitocin synthetic oxytocin can be given to mothers to induce labor Birthing process can differ across mothers Cesarean section o Used for high risk pregnancies breech birth other complications 0 National average increased from 21 in 1997 to 33 in 2010 o negatives prolonged recovery for mothers respiratory problems for infants increased risk of infection for mother and infant decrease mother infant bond Preterm Birth 0 Infants born less than 37 weeks gestation is considered preterm Infants less than 5le are considered low birth weight Premature birth can lead to health risks and psychological risks 0 Changes in the NICU have led to signi cant increase in survival rates of preemies over the last 25 years Infant examination 0 Apgar test given at 1 and 5 minutes after birth to determine whether or not infant is functioning normally 0 Score less than 3 indicates critical condition 0 Score 710 indicates healthy baby Re exes De nition simple unlearned involuntary stimulus response sequences common to all members of a species 0 Infants display several re exes Re exes are adaptive for infant and can be used to asses normal neurological development Development of the Senses Senses begin to function before birth 0 Two general principles 0 Maturity of the sense organ occurs between the maturity of that sense system in the brain 0 Difference sense achieve structural and functional maturity at different times Touch taste and smell 0 Touch earliest sense to develop in utero O 0 Taste newborns can discriminate between various tastes and show preferences for different avors of foods that the mother ate during pregnancy 0 Smell newborns prefer familiar odors particularly that of the mother Audition and Vision Audition auditory nerve mature at birth 0 Newborns show preference for mothers voice 0 Vision least developed sense at birth 0 Can only see regions of high contrast less than 18 inches away 0 Experienceexpectant


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