Notes For StudySoup
Notes For StudySoup 105
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by julianadiloreto Notetaker on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 105 at Washington State University taught by Katherine Eichner in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
Psyche Mind Logy the study of Biological Psych Behavioral Neuroscience Biological Psych Psychology 105 Notes the study of m among the brain mind behavior the study of the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and how they in uence behavior and thought Clinical amp Counseling Psych Clinical Psych the diagnosis and treatment of mental emotional and behavioral disorders and the promotion of psychological health Cognitive Psych Developmental Psych Evolutionary Psych Forensic Psychology Health Psych IndustrialOrganizational Psych the investigation of mental processes including reasoning thinllting problem solving perception language the study of how thought or behavior change or remain stable across the lifespan the application of principles of evolution including natural selection to eXplain psychological processes and phenomena eld that blends psych law and criminal justice the study of the role of psychological factors that play in regard to health and human illness application of physiological concepts and questions to Personality Psych Sports Psych Social Psych Subdiciplines all are concerned work settings the study of what makes people unique and the consistencies in peoples behavior across time and situations the study of psychological factors un sports and exercise the study of how living among others in uences thoughts feelings and behavior with how people think many of them are closely interwind Psychology Notes Origins of Psychology Prehistoric Shamans Early Beginnings As far back as the Stone Age humans tried to treat mental problems release evil spirits from mind Supernatural explanations Would use Trephination Drilling a small hole in skull to release spiritsdemons Ancient Views Greeks Egyptians and Chinese were rst cultures to focus on natural and psychical explanations for disorders Hippocrates Greek Physician Acrophobia Fear of Heights Imbalance of the humors bodily uids led to disorders History of Early Clinical Psychology EX Black Bile Depression Middle Ages 400 1400 and Renaissance l400sl600s Possession by demons spirits and the devil Witch hunts Float test FloatWhich DrawnNot Asylums 1500s 1700s Bedlam in London Madmen39s Pound storage house for mentally ill and social castaways Patients chained to walls whipped dunked into water Call for moral treatment emerged in Europe and US late 17 00s History of Modern Science Philosophy Aristotle amp Locke Empiricism All knowledge and thoughts come from experience 0 Aristotle 3 00s BC to gain knowledge we must observe the worldwide De Anima John Locke 1 600s established empiricism measurement amp observation mind tabula rasa blank state of mind Philosophy Plato amp Descartes Knowledge comes from thinking and re ecting Plato 400s300s BC to gain knowledge we must think about the world Descrates 1600s Innate ideas opposite of tabula rasa Interactive dualism Mind and body are separate but they communicate mind with God body and Earth Psychophysics Lab studies of subjective experience of physical sensations 1800s the rst scienti c form of psychology created out of in uence of empiricism allowed mind to be scienti cally studied Ernst Weber investigated smallest change in weights or length that people could discem Gustar Fechner re ned Webser39s principles of perception Hermann Von Elmholtz studied memory physiology and color vision Psychophysis perception of physical properties is not the same as physical properties themselves EX What weighs more pounds of feathers or brick Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt founded rst psychology research lab at University of Leipzig in 1879 Edward Titchener Wundt39s studentprotege Structuralism Introspection put hang on table and press down notice details about sensation looking into your own mind for info about conscious experience temp texture of table intension in hand arm words to describe sensation used grad students tubes amp hot water Method of Introspection Conscious eXperience can be broken down into components and structures William James in uenced by Darwin39s ideas about evolution and adaptation Functionalism 1 890s Why does the mind work the way it does What are functions of the mind EX Why do we have hands Structuralism would split the hand into parts Stream of Consciousness cant split consciousness into parts Behaviorism Early 1900s study of observable measurable behaviors no focus on consciousness thought emotion subjective experience Radical form of environmentalism all behavior comes from learning out environment determines how we behave Ivan Pavlov classical conditioningtraining a dog to know food is being served when a b bell is rung Pavlov39s dog eXperience molded behavior John Watson founder of Behaviorism Watson proposed that scienti c psych should focus only on observable behaviors and abandon the study of consciousness Watson39s children regimented upbringing scheduled fee no affection one suicide one became freudian psychoanalysis one sponged off his parents money one died from ulcers Cognitivism focuses on higher mental processes memory language info processing reasoning problem solving decision making creativity To understand behaviors must examine how people acquire store and process information The Nature Nurture Debate Nature who we are comes from inborn tendencies amp genetically based trials Nurture we are all essentially the same at birth we are the product of our experiences Nature through Nuture the environmental constantly interacts with biology to shape who we are and what we do
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