SOC 100 Week 12 Notes
SOC 100 Week 12 Notes SOC 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday April 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/15/16
SOC 100 Week 12 Notes Chapter 10 Gender Stratification Clicker – would you like to work outside the house or inside (taking care of family) o Males more likely to want jobs outside the house rather than In house (taking care of kids) compared to women o National poll Male 76% wish to work outside house Female 51% World view of women’s power o Least power in Africa, India, and Indonesia o Most equality in Europe, Canada, Australia, Japan US has above average, but not as high as Europe Malala Yousafzai o Shot 3 times for speaking out about women being able to go to school o One of TIME’s 100 most influential people in the world Clicker – what is your gender o 67% female o 31% male o 2% other Sex o Biologically based; whether a person is male or female Gender o A social construction that varies across cultures, over time, within a given culture, and in relation to the other gender o Socially learned expectations and behaviors associated with members of each sex Sex/Gender roles o An English professor wrote the words “a woman without her man is nothing” on a blackboard and directed the students to punctuate it correctly Men wrote: “a woman, without her man, is nothing.” Women wrote” A woman; without her, man is nothing” o Fortune cookie: “behind every able man, there is another able man” Sexism o Subordination of one sex, usually female, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex Objectification o Treating people as objects or things; not human Areas of possible sexism o Power – the ability to mobilize collective resources, to accomplish things, to overcome opposition, to dominate others o Jobs/Income – women earn $.78 for every $1 earned by men o Image – how men and women are portrayed – psychological/behavioral attributes Sex Role Differences o Sociobiologist “innate” differences Certain sex role differences are inevitable o Functionalist “tradition” Sex role differences were useful in the past and are still useful today Work together in different roles to achieve goals of group o Conflict “power” Sex roles reflect a conflict of interest between men and women and will change if and when women gain more economic power Clicker – if you plan to get married to someone of opposite sex, would it bother you if your spouse was taller than you? o Male – split between yes and no o Female – 64% said no o Biologically inclined tall men are seen as more dominant Clicker would it bother you if your spouse makes more money than you? o Male 33 said no, 9 said yes o Female 90 said no, 7 said yes * higher proportion than men* How are sexes different o Biological evidence Anatomical Men tend to be physically stronger (short term exertion) Equal at long term exertion Genetic Male X and Y Female X and X Women tend to live longer/be healthier Hormonal o Psychological evidence Males babies are more active Female babies smile more, more sensitive to warmth and touch Example – two babies born male, but after an botched procedure, one of the children was raised female Even though both were born male, the one raised as a female acted like a female BUT, later on the one raised as a female felt that they were a man, and underwent surgery to become a man Takeaway it is still uncertain how much of our identity is due to biology versus psychology o Crosscultural evidence Arapesh Feminine society Both men and women exhibit gentle, sensitive, and cooperative habits Mundugumor Canabalistic tribe – no nurturing, motherly traits displayed by either sex Tchambuli Role reversal women take on traditional (western) male roles Who is the stronger sex? o When considering many factors of strength, women stronger than men Gender gap for Employment o Gap is narrowing in regard to employment % for historically maledominated jobs o Pay difference still remains $0.77 for every $1 men earn The gap is getting narrower with younger generations Years to Parity by State o US average – 53 years (2068) until equal pay at current rate o Florida – 23 years o Colorado – 42 years o Wyoming – 144 years Clicker if you are in a dualcareer marriage, do you plan to share housework/childcare equally? o 90% said yes National study housework o In all cases, female does more housework than male Functionalist o Current relationship between males and females has helped us and will continue to help us o Use sociobiological research to support Conflict o Males have power and want to keep it inequality Feminist o All conflict oriented o Demand for equality o Support for feminism tends to be stronger on the coasts, and less so in the Midwest and south Clicker – what percent of college population is male? o 43% Parity between sexes o Extending the current trend, gender parity in top management positions will take another 70 years o However, congressional parity would take 500 years Recent study – currently, some female CEO’s make more than male CEO’s
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