Chapter 12 Notes
Chapter 12 Notes CRJU 101 001
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CRJU 101 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Richard Martin on Friday April 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJU 101 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Corey Burton in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice 101 in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 04/15/16
Chapter 12: Corrections in the Community Monday, April 4, 2016 9:41 AM Intermediate Sanctions • Correctional punishments other than imprisonmentthat are designed to reduce the prison population, promote successful reentry and protect the community • Issues with intermediate sanctions: ○ Cost ○ Reentry ○ Community safety Types of Intermediate Sanctions • Intensive Probation Supervision (IPS) ○ Major issue with traditional probation and parole is offenders who abscond ○ IPS is a solution that is centered on givingprobation and parole officers smallercaseloads ○ Issues with IPS: expensive,more controlling, some officers not comfortable with working conditions • Split Sentencing ○ Practice used for youthful and/or first time offenders who are not expecting a period of incarceration ○ Short jail sentence (usually 30 days) followed by a suspended sentence (i.e. probation) • Shock Probation ○ Similar to split sentencing except for the offender being placed in the custody of the state's Department of Corrections andnot the local jail ○ Offender still serves a brief period of time incarcerated • Boot Camps ○ Primarilydesigned for young, non-violent offenders ○ Inmates participate in physical fitness, ceremony, drill, work and education programs ○ Emphasis on helping local communities as well ○ Effectiveness is questionable and there is no evidence that these programs are more effective than parole • Home Confinement ○ Sentence in which an offender is legallyrequired to remain in their own residence ○ Essentially mandates that the offender have a job ○ Prior to electronic monitoring, home confinement was difficult to enforce • Faith-Based Programs ○ Series of programs that attempt to prepare inmates for reentry through religious study ○ Primary issues: governmentmoney is often used to fund these programs, requires bible study • Work Release ○ Programs that permit correctional facilities to release inmates into the community for paid work ○ Issues: public prejudice, lack of knowledge/skills,lack of documents, limited protections • Education Release ○ Education can be handled either in the correctional facility or similar to a work release program that allows inmates to attend classes and then return to supervision ○ Overall, educational programs for inmates are effective at reducing recidivism ○ Colleges/universitiesmay discriminate against ex-felons • Halfway Houses ○ Transition programs that provide temporary housing for released persons to help them transition back into the community ○ Typically non-profit organizations not directly tied to a state's Department of Corrections (DOC) • Day Reporting Centers ○ Availablefor individuals who have not been incarcerated and for those who have ○ Offender lives at home, and reports to the center once a day • Adult Drug Courts ○ Essentially, just an intermediate sanction typically for non-violent drug offenders ○ Follow-up judicial intervention often a key element ○ Overall, such programs are mixed in terms of effectiveness • Cost ○ The United States has by far the largest correctional system in the world ○ The dilemma:states continue to pour money into facilitiesthat are arguably ineffective, yet will not stop spending the money • Reentry ○ Overall, about 95% of all people who are sentenced to prison will be released back into the community ○ Most people released back into the community do not make a successful reentry ○ Lack of support services • Community Safety Primary issue with Intermediate Sanctions in terms of community safety is where to place these types of programs Notes Page 1 ○ Primary issue with Intermediate Sanctions in terms of community safety is where to place these types of programs ○ NIMBY: "Not In My Back Yard" Notes Page 2