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Date Created: 02/10/15
Sarah Stoess 12315 Sociology 30003 Instructor Leigh Gaskin Reading Notes Eduardo BonillaSilva quotRacialized Social System Approach to Racismquot o Racialized Social Systems the idea that society is organized along racial lines and that economic political social and psychological rewards differ according to one s placement in a racial hierarchy Once established the system of racial hierarchy takes on a life of its own 0 Hegemony domination of one group of individuals over another group of individuals In the post civil rights world this domination is achieved 0 Racial Inequality the life chances of the subordinated races are signi cantly lower than those of the dominant race 0 Although the racialization of peoples was socially invented after the process of attaching meaning to a people is instituted race becomes a real category of group association and identity 0 Phenotype a biologically inherited term that refers to how we look ie skin color facial features hair texture etc what is usually used to denote racial distinctions Many immigrants struggled to maintain their cultural identity after coming to the US due to their racial classi cation 0 quotEthnic identity implies a series of constraints on the kinds of roles an individual is allowed to play and is similar to sex and rank in that it constrains the incumbent in all his activitiesquot Frederick Barth o Apprenticeship Act of 1922 Prevented Black workers from acquiring apprenticeships in South Africa O The struggle of women in the US to attain their civil and human rights has always been plagued by deep racial tensions Racial Contestation the struggle of racial groups for systematic changes regarding their position at one or more levels Racial Ideology provides the rationalization for social political and economic interactions among the races Creates an Us vs Them The Other belief Racialized Social Systems societies that allocate differential economic political social and even psychological rewards to groups along racial lines that are socially constructed Racial Structure of Society the aggregate of social relations and practices based on racial distinctions at all societal levels Racial Phenomena the normal outcome of the racial structure of a society Racially motivated behavior whether or not the actors are conscious of it is regarded as rational Rational Behavior behavior based on the given race s individual interests The reproduction of racial phenomena in contemporary societies is explained in this framework not by reference to a longdistant past but in relation to its contemporary structure Stereotype a simpli ed picture we paint of an entire group of people The tendency to generalize everyone in that group is based on ignorance limited info or prejudice Origins of Stereotypes 1 Material realities or conditions endured by the group 2 Genuine ignorance about the group 3 Rigid distorted views on the group s physical cultural or moral nature Stereotypes are reproduced because they re ect a group s distinct position and status in society Framework of the Racialized Social System It s not a universal theory explaining racial phenomena in societies Intended to trigger a serious discussion of how race shapes social systems 0 Racial Inequality in Contemporary America Increasingly covert Embedded in normal operations of institutions Void of direct racial terminology Invisible to most whites