Russian 100 Notes: Week of 4/4
Russian 100 Notes: Week of 4/4 637747
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
Popular in Russian 100
Sarah Jessica Harris
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Jessica Harris on Friday April 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 637747 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Irene Hurd in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Russian 100 in Russian at Pennsylvania State University Altoona.
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Date Created: 04/15/16
Russian 100 Notes: Week of 4/4/16 ● After the fall of communism... Foreign ice cream Vanilla is/was the most popular flavor Hot dogs WITH buns (they had never eaten them with buns prior) New movie theatres with nice seats and food (popcorn for example) Health clubs (gyms/fitness) Aerobics was the fitness craze with women. Women especially, wanted to lose weight. Along with the aerobics, women of all ages went on all kinds of diets. Sweat pants, sweatshirts, jogging shoes, etc… Country club (Just one in Moscow) Jewelry A Russian man, giving his fiance a wedding ring was not the norm. Women wear their wedding bands, men typically do not. Wedding bands are worn on the right hand, not the left. Amber was the thing to buy in terms of jewelry. In the 90’s, costume jewelry came in from China and became very popular. Cosmetics What does a Russian woman want to own more than anything? Western brand cosmetics*** Fashion Women are incredibly invested in fashion. They dress in a very sexy way, especially the younger women. The men don’t like to dress up much, except maybe on their wedding day. A good businessman would buy Italian clothes (Italian leather shoes, belts, briefcases, suits, etc..) Perfume (especially french) Sunglasses Reading glasses everyone could get them but they all had the same frames. Pets Pets were not a big part of Russian life, there wasn’t usually room in the Small apartments for any animal aside from a cat. Cats were often used for pest control. In the new Russia, big dogs were the fad. If your neighbor had a dog, you got abigger dog. Artificial flowers and silk Foreign cars Stolen from Germany (Mercedes and BMW) Stuffed animals/Barbie dolls Especially with young women Movies Mostly American movies (you could hardly find a Russian movie) They were all dubbed These movies were very expensive (upwards of $20, $30, $40) Nothing is edited on TV or in movies Music videos/MTV American music was everywhere Eventually, by the late 90’s, Yeltsin had 50/50 Russian/US music on the radio Omens They believe in magnetic forces The are very superstitious They believe in palm reading, zodiacs, fortune tellers, etc… Soap operas Favorite TV shows*** American cop shows Action films Cartoons (among all age groups)*** Books/Literature**** They wanted to read everything in translation No one was writing anything of their own Translations were usually very poor Detective stories and mysteries were the most popular*** Magazines (most popular: Cosmopolitan*) Anything western Pornography/Erotica There was nothing like this, prior Billboards, TV advertisements, sex was everywhere Strippers were everywhere (hotels, bars, etc…) American style bars and restaurants Laundry detergent Deodorant They had never had access to it prior Foreign toothpaste Russian toothpaste was horrible Teeth quality was very poor Real shampoo/hygiene products Including hair dye for the women Malls Was very expensive Cell phones Russians wore their cellphones around their necks Roller blading/tattooing/piercings/dog fighting Drive in movie theatres Built one in Moscow, hardly anyone came, so that was the end of it Motor Cycle Clubs Most famous one was called Night Wolves Bowling alleys Night Clubs/Dance Clubs Casinos These were all closed and made ‘underground’ Mafia came in Poker became a sport Gambling became an addiction Only four areas of the country allows gambling but they are too far away for Most to go to ● Russians finally begin writing their own literature again, making their own movies, removing english words/phrases from their language (under Putin) listening to Russian music, etc… ● If they can afford it, politics aside, young people still prefer to buy something made in the United States*** for them, that is quality and it gives them some kind of status among their friends. ● Favorite Sports… Hockey Socker ● Violence in sports (especially hockey) led many athletes to travel abroad to out of fear of being murdered ● There was so little crime under communism, that it was almost unheard of ● High crime rate started after the fall of communism ● Russian heroin addicts have a 4 year life expectancy after they become hooked ● Prostitutes in Russia have an even shorter life expectancy ● In 1998, it was put into effect, that police could stop and search people on the street, looking for drugs usually. ● Afghanistan produces the majority of the world’s heroin ● Among the young, in Russia, there is no stigma around doing drugs ● Roughly 100,000 die in Russia, annually due to drugs ● Currently, Russia is the #1 consumer of heroin, in the world ● Exotic animals have become a new fad in Russia, people owning eagles and hawks for example. Mafia members might keep alligators, siberian tigers (becoming extinct), squirrels, etc… ● As a last resort for heroin addicts, there was a brain institute where neurosurgeons would perform a three hour surgery to attempt to neutralize the part of the brain that controls addiction. This institute reported that 70% of patients were successfully cured without any effects to their personality. By 2001, the government banned these surgeries. ● Krokodil Russian for crocodile, is one of the most dangerous drugs in the world. A synthetic heroin, extremely addictive and dangerous. A morphine derivative Cheap Homemade Extremely lethal Primary ingredient is Codine Much higher dosage for the same high Causes your skin to scale up, turn black, and fall off, to the bone, hence the name crocodile (many/most developed gangrene) Users typically die within a year of use, the most is 23 years ● Russian government issued a statement last year that they will never legalize Marijuana, they see it as a gateway to heroin. ● After the fall of communism, the Russian youth turn to either drugs or religion*** they feel a spiritual emptiness. ● Religion… freedom of religion by the late 80’s (strong revival in many religions: Islam, Christianity, Orthodox, etc). Many Christians would wear crosses around their necks, they needed a cross to be baptised. The Russian Orthodox cross is slightly different from the traditional cross, with bars above and below the traditional cross. Young people decorate their homes with religious icons, Russians especially include a Lot of color ● ***There are more Russians who profess to being religious than those who do not. ● 75% of Americans (December 2015) say they are Christians, this number continues to drop. ● ***One of the major trends among young people during the Gorbachev era, was an interest in prerevolutionary Russia Russia of the Czars, before Communism Especially the last Czar, and his family As part of that interest, was the restoration of churches ● All churches were restored, the people involved in these restorations were the young ● ***With the revival of religion, all of these religious groups from all over the world, went to Russia, trying to convert the Russians to a religion. ● ***New law in religion cracked down, there are now only 4 officially recognized religions today... Russian Orthodox Judaism Islam Buddhism ● ***Young people to this day (started after the fall of Communism and intensified during the 90s) when asked, who do you trust the most? The number one answer is the Orthodox Church (doesn’t necessarily mean that they attend Church). ● Prostitution was and still is illegal, however prostitution was an easy way to make money. Started out as only female prostitutes, but it spread to males too. ● Child prostitution was also common. These children were typically runaways, orphans, or abused. ● The idea was that these prostitutes would looks for a foreigner, hopefully an American, who would fall in love with them, take them away to America, and marry them so they could live happily ever after. ● As popularity grew, the business would become more competitive, especially as pimps got involved. ● ***All the rich in Russia initially made their money through import/export. ● Rich people live in fear because they know there could be hit at any time (in terms of the Mafia). ● Russia was the “Wild East” ● Embalming is “the new thing” in Russia ● What profession did the men consider the most prestigious? Out of the 36 answers, Killer and Racketeer were 18th. Cosmonaut came in dead last along with cab driver. ● Of all the people who were most poor, the pensioner suffered the most.*** ● Lots of homeless children, many of them orphans. ● In the USA, 1:5 children lives in poverty. ● ***The most important thing for an educated young person in Russia, is to earn money. ● They want to have nice cars and houses, they want to dress fashionably, they want to have nice things. Prices are high, but they don’t save money or invest. ● ***Very few young people put their money in a bank. End Material for Test 3 Start Material for Test 4 ● March 8th is International Women's Day. On this day, every female is honored, even young school girls (women receive flowers, champagne, gifts, etc…) ● February 23rd is Armed Forces Day. This day is meant to honor all men, however not all women do anything for the men (not the same as for the women). ● Lenin promised equality with the men. ● Women operated cranes, dug ditches, shoveled snow, cleaned the streets, hauled rails, etc… side by side with men, however they were never paid the same. ● To this day, women never received equal pay for equal work ● ***Under Communism, women received ⅔ the pay of a male’s for the same job. Now, women earn 4050% the average male salary, for the same job. ● Women form the majority of the population in Russia (53%) they also make up the majority of the workforce (55%) and have the majority of University degrees. ● In the 90’s, females were the first to be laid off. To this day, the majority of the unemployed, are females. If a woman is 40 or older, she will have a very hard time finding a job, solely because of her age.(especially a good paying job). ● Young women have a hard time finding a job as well, mainly because employers (predominantly men) do not want to hire young women, because they assume they will want to have children soon and they don’t want to pay for maternity leave and lose a worker. ● ***The highest concentration of females (professional females) in terms of careers are in teaching* and medicine*. Below these, are accountants, social work, engineering (split 50/50), and skilled technical workers. ● Non professionals (not university educated) will be in low skilled, manual labor jobs. The highest concentration of females in these types of careers are street cleaners*, heavy construction work*, and assembly lines*. ● Under Communism, a woman’s life was exhausting (work, childcare, housekeeping, shopping, cooking, everything). ● ***Young women, 1825 were often hired for secretarial positions ● ***Why? Her youth Her sex appeal ● Ads would ask for tall women with long legs, blonde hair, and no inhibitions. It was just a beauty contest, they would dress in sexually appealing clothes and strut in front of the audience with a number, this is how they were chosen. They were expected to have sex with their boss. ● There is a shortage of available single men ● Currently, there are around 11 million more women than men in Russia (In the US, there are 5 million more women than men). ● ***Always, in the Soviet Union, if a woman were not married by the age of 25, she would be considered an “Old Maid”. There was a negative stigma, like something was wrong with her. ● ***Women themselves, do not have a loyal relationship between each other. They do not trust each other, because of the scarcity of men. ● Many young people end up living with their parents after getting married, they usually can’t afford to live on their own. ● ***The average age of marriage for women in Russia, until 2013, was 22. For men, it was 25. ● They always tended to marry young, under communism, usually she would be 18, he would be 19. ● In the US the average age of marriage is 27 for women and 29 for men. ● The interest in career has strengthened. ● Divorce usually happens early in the marriage ***before the 5th anniversary, generally, if a divorce is going to occur. ● The majority of newly divorced women, are mothers. ● ***What is most important to women post divorce? Her child Her career ● In the case of divorce, men rarely get custody of children. ● Men will be expected to pay child support, however they rarely do so. ● The thinking for women was, if you were not married by 20, you will not get married. If you do not get a university education before 25, you will never get one. If you do not have a child by 30 you will not have a child. If you do not have a career by 40, you will not have a career. ● ***Number one reason for divorce in Russia, is alcoholism.
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